Brahmanas

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Brahmanas

 

ancient Indian sacred tracts forming part of Vedic literature. The texts of the Brahmanas were created approximately from the eighth to sixth centuries B. C. and are the very earliest examples of ancient Indian prose. The Brahmanas reflected the pretensions of the Indian priesthood (the brahmins) to a ruling position in society; sacrificial offerings are regarded in the texts as the foundation and meaning of life, and the priests are regarded as “living gods.” The Brahmanas contain myths, traditions, detailed descriptions of ritual, and information on the social and cultural history of ancient India. The language of the Brahmanas is terse and dry, but certain legends, tales, and parables have artistic value or contain a philosophical generalization. In the vast literature of the Brahmanas, the Shatapatha Brahmana is the most esteemed.

REFERENCES

Winternitz, M. A History of Indian Literature, 2nd ed., vol. 1, part 1. Calcutta, 1959.
Oldenberg, H. Zur Geschichte der altindischen Prosa. Berlin, 1917.
Rau, W. Staat und Gesellschaft im alten Indien. Wiesbaden, 1957.

P. A. GRINTSER

References in periodicals archive ?
Pursuing various literary figures (most notably, Uddalaka, Svetaketu, Satyakama, Yajnavalkya, Janaka, Ajatasatru) through passages and longer narratives in the Brahmanas and Upanisads, Black's book follows the thematic program of his subtitle: chapter 1 is on teacher/student relationships, chapter 2 on inter-Brahmin debates, chapter 3 on the relationship of kings and Brahmins, and the final chapter on Brahmin men and women.
The second part of the book concentrates on the doctrinal and institutional issues that emerged when the king attempted to apply his notions of Shaiva devotion to the larger community of brahmanas who controlled the temples and monasteries of Jaipur and northern India in general.
Of the Brahmanas handed down by the followers of the Rigveda (Rgveda), two have been preserved: the Aitareya Brahmana and the Kausitaki (or Sankhayana) Brahmana.
According to Nilakantha, a spiritual-minded sudra is also a vaidehika, achieving salvation after progressive rebirths as a vaisya, a ksatriya and a brahmana.
But all of these interests recede with his later work, which is concerned overwhelmingly with Brahmana prose.
contends, efforts, often insidious, by the brahmana authors to define and strengthen their own social position.
Tenders are invited for Construction & Commissioning of 500 KL Capacity OHSR, 20 mtr staging and Construction of valve chamber, boundary wall, pipe line work at Jajiwal Brahmana.
Tenders are invited for Construction &; Commissioning of 500 KL Capacity OHSR, 20 mtr staging and Construction of valve chamber, boundary wall, pipe line work at Jajiwal Brahmana
Tenders are invited for Road Transport Contract From Railhead Bari Brahmana To Peg Budgam
Tenders are invited for Adhoc rtc from railhead bari brahmana to fsd mirbazar
Tenders are invited for Rtc From Railhead Bari Brahmana To Fsd Srinagar
1923) lectures on the Sanskrit Brahmanas at the Bibliotheque nationale de France in October 2002, published in English in 2011 as Sacrifice.