Brahmo Samaj


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Brahmo Samaj

(brä`mō səmäj`) [Hindi,=society of God], Indian religious movement, founded in Kolkata (Calcutta) in 1828 by Rammohun RoyRoy, Rammohun
, 1772–1833, Indian religious and educational reformer. Sometimes called the father of modern India, Roy was born to a wealthy and devout Brahman family in Bengal.
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. It promoted a monotheistic, reformed Hinduism with strong Islamic and Christian overtones, support for the rights of women, and opposition to such aspects of Hinduism as idolatry and animal sacrifice. Under Roy the organization attained considerable importance in E India until his death in 1833. After a decade of decline, it was revived by Debendranath Tagore in 1843. A schism divided the organization in 1865, when Keshub Chunder Sen split with Tagore and formed the Adi Brahmo Samaj, and in 1878 Sen's group itself divided. Sen's followers formed a new church, the Nava-Vidhana, while the dissidents founded the Sadharan Brahmo Samaj, which became dominant. The Brahmo Samaj movement had great influence in the 19th cent., but although it still exists, it has had little impact on 20th-century Hinduism.

Bibliography

See P. K. Sen, Biography of a New Faith (2 vol., 1950–54); K. C. Sen, The Voice of Keshub (1963); P. V. Kanal, An Introduction to Dev-Samaj (1965).

Brahmo Samaj

 

(Bengali, “Society of Brahma”), a reformatory and instructional religious society founded in Bengal (India) in 1828 by Rammohan Roy. The society campaigned against the caste system, early marriages, and other foundations of Hinduism and feudalism, and favored the spread of European enlightenment throughout India and the encouragement of industrial and scientific progress. With the development of the bourgeois nationalist movement early in the 20th century, the movement ceased to play an important role in the social life of Bengal.

References in periodicals archive ?
He asked the great-granddaughter Neera Burra as to whether Sahni's rationalist leanings, which took him into the Brahmo Samaj, were adopted also by the family and his descendants.
He further said Prof Sahni had accepted the rational and reformist ideology of the Brahmo Samaj and become a strong supporter of a widow's remarriage and spoke against caste discrimination, child marriage, dowry system, and expensive wedding and funeral ceremonies.
Roy, who founded the Brahmo Samaj, a synthesis of everything great in the eastern and western traditions of faith, took a cue from Carey's editorial and argued for the abolition of Sati.
21 The founding and progress of the Fort William College caused reform movements in Hinduism spearheaded by Rannohan Roy and his Brahmo Samaj.
Dyal Singh Majithia, who was born in a Sikh family, who also managed the affairs of Harmandir Sahib also known as the Golden Temple, later embraced the Brahmo Samaj.
Among these groups were quasi-religious/political movements such as the Brahmo Samaj, (53) the Arya Samaj, (54) and the Ad Dharm (55) movement in Punjab.
Brahmo Samaj was formed in Lahore in 1863 by Babu Novina Chandra Roy, a Bengali Brahmo, with the help of other educated Bengali Brahamo Samajis and it was soon extended to other cities of Punjab.
Two major reform movements, the Brahmo Samaj and the Arya Samaj, went further, offering critiques of religious, caste, and gender hierarchy and promoting a vision of a more egalitarian and communal faith.
The following year, Debendranath Tagore established an "Ashram" at that place and he himself became the initiator for the Brahmo Samaj - the worshiper of one supreme God.
Many of these spokespersons' ideological lineages can be traced to the neo-Vedantic universalisms of the eighteenth-century religious reformer Rammohan Roy and his Hindu-Unitarian society of the Brahmo Samaj.
Later, while those from the Brahmo Samaj (5) referred to the new style of wearing the sari with blouse and chador as the "Thakurbarir sari" (sari worn in the style of the Tagores, a leading Brahmo family), as more and more Brahmos started wearing the sari in this manner, it came to be popularly known as the "Brahmika sari" throughout India.
Much of Emerson's literary currency among educated Indians in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries may be credited to the work of the religious society known as the Brahmo Samaj ("The Society of God") and specifically to the propagation of his writings after 1855 by the American Unitarian missionary, Charles H.