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Brahui(bräho͞o`ē), Dravidian language of Baluchistan. See Dravidian languagesDravidian languages
, family of about 23 languages that appears to be unrelated to any other known language family. The Dravidian languages are spoken by more than 200 million people, living chiefly in S and central India and N Sri Lanka.
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a people living mainly in western Pakistan (Baluchistan, Sind) and also as neighbors or intermingled with the Baluchi population in several areas of Iran and Afghanistan. Total population, about 600,000 (1967 estimate). The Brahui language has no writing system and is related to the Dravidian languages, although it does not display a close relationship to any language of southern India. The language is divided into a series of dialects. Their religion is Islam of the Sunnite sect. Their occupations are seminomadic and nomadic cattle raising and, to some extent, farming. A small group of Brahui living in the Turkmen SSR is gradually merging with the Baluchi.
REFERENCESCensus of India, 1911, vol. 1, parts 1–2. Calcutta, 1913.
Census of India, 1941, vol. 14. Delhi, 1941–43.
Bray, D. The Life History of a Brāhūi. London, 1913.