brain-machine interface

(redirected from Brain mapping)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Brain mapping: Mind Mapping

brain-machine interface

A physical connection between a human brain and an electronic device. Also called a "neural interface," "mind-machine interface" (MMI) or "brain-computer interface" (BCI), the brain-machine interface (BMI) is focused on managing the movement of prosthetic limbs and enabling vision for the blind. The first interfaces were prototyped with animals in the 1990s and humans later in the decade.

Non-Invasive and Invasive
Brain-machine interfaces may be non-invasive, with sensors on the head detecting brainwaves. As of 2012, the most precise functionality has been with sensors implanted in the brain tissue. The sensor detects the firing rate of a neuron, and the firing pattern can be mapped to the person's thoughts that in turn control specific robotic motions. Implantation is dangerous and controversial; experts predicting wireless, non-invasive systems will win out in the future.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Babak Kateb, Chairman of the Board of Society for Brain Mapping and Therapeutics, President of Brain Mapping Foundation, Director of National Center for NanoBioElectronics, Neuroscientist, Department of Neurosurgery, Cedars Sinai Medical Center.
SBMT is now a global leader in brain mapping and therapeutics by introducing modern and game changing initiatives such as G20 and African Brain Mapping Initiative; The organization has been on the forefront of translational neuroscience," Said Dr.
The investment in brain mapping is reminiscent of the federally-funded Human Genome Project, notes ABC News.
Cubric will co-locate world-leading expertise in brain mapping
According to a study published in the journal Human Brain Mapping it is found that "People who consume these mushrooms, after "trips" that can be a bit scary and unpleasant, report feeling more optimistic, less self-centered, and even happier for months.
However, detailed brain mapping reveals that the anatomy of the brain differs in each individual especially in the area for cognitive functions such as language, sight, speech, logic.
A new study published in the Oxford Journal Neuro-Oncology has found further evidence that pre-operative brain mapping by nTMS (navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation) for centrotemporal area brain lesions--those found in the center of the brain--is beneficial to the outcome of surgery.
Thus brain mapping does not depend on a modular arrangement of blood vessels.
The brain mapping project announced last week by the White House is a scientific freight train, rushing forward with remarkable speed.
But surgical brain mapping can record neural activity directly and faster than other noninvasive methods, showing changes in electrical activity on the order of a few milliseconds.
They emphasize the importance of topographic, vascular, and functional anatomy, and discuss the history of epilepsy surgery, investigation of the surgical candidate, neuronavigation and brain mapping, stereoelectroencephalography, anesthesia and awake procedure, peroperative brain mapping, endopial resection, and surgery for various types of epilepsy.
This seventh edition offers new material on new procedures such as awake craniotomies, brain mapping, and endovascular techniques, and reveals the latest understanding of conditions such as dural arteriovenous malformations and new monitoring modalities such as cerebral microdialysis.