Brants


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Brants

 

(Branta) a genus of birds of the order Anseriformes. The head is small, the bill short and black, and the feet black. Brants resemble other geese in general build and way of life. There are five species, four of which inhabit the USSR. The black brant (B. bernicld) weighs approximately 2 kg; it nests in the tundra and forest tundra of Siberia, from Iamal to Chukotka, on many islands of the arctic region, and in North America from Alaska to Greenland.

The barnacle goose (B. leucopsis) nests on the southern island of Novaia Zemlia, on the Lofoten Islands, Spitsbergen, and in the eastern part of Greenland. The Canada goose (B. canadensis) weighs from 1.5 to 8 kg (various subspecies); it inhabits northern and northwestern America, and on rare occasions flies into Anadyr’. The red-breasted goose (B. rufficollis) is sometimes classified in the genus Rufibrenta. It is distributed from the lower reaches of the Ob’ River to the Khatanga. Its numbers are small and rapidly decreasing. The Hawaiian brant (B. sandvicensis) was common in the Hawaiian Islands; it has been almost exterminated (about 50 birds have been preserved). Brants, except for the Hawaiian and the red-breasted goose, are game birds.

The Russian word kazarka is also applied to two species of geese of the genus Anser: the white-fronted goose (A. albi-frons) and the lesser white-fronted goose (A. erythropus).

REFERENCE

Ptitsy Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 4. Edited by G. P. Dement’ev and N. A.Gladkov. Moscow, 1952.

E. V. KOZLOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Jane Kerby, the last family member to own the paintings, was the great-granddaughter of Joseph Brant and a great-great-granddaughter of Sir William Johnson.
Brant had planned to go to New York City to continue his studies at the highly regarded King's College, but instead was called home by Johnson.
Johnson oversaw the Indian council at Niagara, resplendent in full Iroquois regalia, and Brant was very impressed at the positive affect of this gesture.
The American had witnessed Brant, who had adopted Johnson's habit of mixing British and Mohawk garb, in the presence of prisoners:
By the end of the decade, though, Brant had become a widower.
Colonel Guy Johnson was temperamentally and physically Joseph's lesser: he was obstinate, short, pudgy, and topped with a powdered wig; Brant was garrulous, tall, patrician in bearing, and kept his head partially shaved and feathered.
As patriot forces began moving into the Mohawk Valley in the spring of 1775, Guy Johnson and more than 120 Tory loyalists escaped to British-held Montreal along with Brant and most of the Indian warriors from Canajoharie.
The influential English voices heard by Brant spoke of war.
Satisfied with his deal, Brant returned to North America at Staten Island and entered the war during the Battle of Long Island.
The Oneida and Tuscarora, thinking Brant and the Mohawk to be over-valued, sided with the patriots.
Brant PARC could add as much as $180 million a year to the region's economy and create more than 6,000 jobs, including positions at the complex, related retail jobs and construction work, according to preliminary estimates by the Allegheny County Department of Economic Development.
Brant Motorsports has been involved in several forms of racing including the NASCAR Winston Cup series and the Indy Racing League.