Common Wheat

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Related to Bread wheat: whole wheat bread, Triticum aestivum

Common Wheat

 

(Triticum aestivum), a species of wheat with a tough, awned or awnless, loose, elongated spike and a naked grain of varied coloring (white, yellow, red). Common wheat is hexaploid (contains 42 chromosomes in its somatic cells) and very flexible. The most common species of wheat, it is cultivated in all agricultural regions of the world. It is a winter-hardy, drought-resistant, and early-ripening plant. There are more than 250 known varieties; the most widespread varieties are Lutescens, Erythrospermum, Milturum, Albidum, Ferrugineum, and Graecum.

References in periodicals archive ?
The plant material consisted of 12 bread wheat cultivars; namely, Gerek - 79, Ikizce - 96, Kirac -66, Kenanbey, Flamura - 85, Momtchil, Bayraktar - 2000, Tosunbey, Pandas, Pehlivan, Demir - 2000 and Gun - 91), and 10 different einkorn wheat populations (Populations 1to 10).
Two Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum, local names: Dariyel and Karatopak) and two Durum wheat (Triticum durum, local names: BurgosBurgos and Zenit) varieties were used in this study.
Therefore, from this investigation, it is concluded that improvement of grain yield in bread wheat could be achieved by selecting the parents with these three characters; Grain yield per plant + Biological yield per plant + Number of grains per main spike.
2012) clustered 96 bread wheat lines on the basis of agronomic traits.
Their approach was pioneered previously in barley, a simpler model crop for research in bread wheat.
8220;With the draft gene sequence for each of the bread wheat chromosome and the first reference sequence of chromosome 3B, we have reached a great milestone in our roadmap,” said Catherine Feuillet, IWGSC co-chair.
The findings push back the dates of the two crops' first appearance in Central Asia, suggesting that the herders transported bread wheat from west to east and broomcorn millet from east to west.
2009) described segregation pattern and function of different new alleles of Puroindoline in bread wheat.
Heterosis in some crosses of bread wheat under irrigation and drought conditions.