Common Wheat

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Related to Bread wheat: whole wheat bread, Triticum aestivum

Common Wheat

 

(Triticum aestivum), a species of wheat with a tough, awned or awnless, loose, elongated spike and a naked grain of varied coloring (white, yellow, red). Common wheat is hexaploid (contains 42 chromosomes in its somatic cells) and very flexible. The most common species of wheat, it is cultivated in all agricultural regions of the world. It is a winter-hardy, drought-resistant, and early-ripening plant. There are more than 250 known varieties; the most widespread varieties are Lutescens, Erythrospermum, Milturum, Albidum, Ferrugineum, and Graecum.

References in periodicals archive ?
The IWGSC draft sequence is a major landmark towards obtaining a complete reference sequence of the complex bread wheat genome, the ultimate aim of the consortium.
The goal of the IWGSC is to make a high quality genome sequence of bread wheat publicly available, in order to lay a foundation for basic research that will enable breeders to develop improved varieties.
He produced his first bread wheat crops in 2009 and 2010.
2a) and resulting in strong negative impact on grain yield of bread wheat (Fig.
It is capable of severely damaging virtually all of the world's commercial bread wheat.
Bread wheat was a much less common find: the granaries of Gdansk are exceptional in their data here.
Unlike modern Italian pasta and Asian noodles, which are generally made from durum wheat and bread wheat, the prehistoric noodles show no evidence that wheat, barley or other non-grass plants were used to supply their ingredients.
This is owing to a switch from high-selenium Canadian bread wheat to a low-selenium EU grown variety.
So modern bread wheat is the result of crossing three species barriers, a kind of natural genetic engineering.
Fully approved by the Soil Association, one of the leading organic certification bodies, the flour is from Shipton Mills, a small organic mill in the Cotswolds, and ismill ed from a special blend of top quality organic bread wheat.