Breast Stroke

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Related to Breast Stroke: butterfly stroke, backstroke, front crawl, Butterfly swimming, Side stroke

Breast Stroke


a method of sports swimming on the breast, characterized by simultaneous symmetrical movements of the extremities in a horizontal plane.

In executing the breast stroke the swimmer lies in the water horizontally, swings his arms to the sides with his palms turned outward, bends them at the elbows and brings them together in front of his face.

At the same time, the swimmer pulls up his legs while rotating his feet to the sides. Then he stretches his arms forward. The inner surface of the knees and feet push against the water and the legs impel the swimmer’s body forward by their circular motion and are then brought together. The swimmer moves forward and then begins a new cycle of movements. The breast stroke is also used as a corrective exercise in cases of curvature of the spine. There is a variation of the breast stroke—a more rapid method known as the butterfly.

The program of the Olympic Games includes two distances of the breast stroke—100 and 200 m. The breast stroke is also one of the stages of the 4 × 100-meter relay and part of the medley competition. As of Jan. 1, 1968, the established world records in the men’s breast stroke were 1 min, 6.7 sec, V. Kosinskii (USSR), in the 100-meter race and 2 min, 27.8 sec, I. O’Brien (Australia), in the 200-meter race. World records in the women’s breast stroke are 1 min, 14.6 sec, C. Ball (USA), in the 100-meter race and 2 min, 39.5 sec, C. Ball, in the 200-meter race.

Great contributions to the development of the breast stroke have been made by the Soviet swimmers A. Mareev, Honored Master of Sport L. Meshkov, European Champion (1966) and Honored Master of Sport G. Prokopenko, Olympic Champion (1964, Tokyo), European Champion (1966), and Honored Master of Sport G. Prozumenshchikova, world record holder (1969) and Master of Sport N. Pankin, and others.


References in periodicals archive ?
Ten-year-old Zachary Stevens set a new mark for the 50-meter breast stroke with a 36.
HELLO * BUOYS Former Miss World GOING * SWIMMINGLY Rosanna perfects her breast stroke yesterday in Sealife Aquarium, Bray, Co Wicklow RAY * OFLIGHT Model gets to grip with Stingrays
Eimir Kelly, 10, from Dale Street Brownies, said: "I swam breast stroke and backstroke lengths and got into the final.
As a breast stroke swimmer, I was comfortable completing anything up to 70 lengths in one session, but Alfieexpressed concern that the stroke would take more energy than a more efficient crawl, a stroke which I have never mastered.
Alisha Reid was one of the hardy souls who whipped on her swimsuit to take part in the Breast Stroke 4 Breast Cancer event.
Hannah Sharp, 13, took gold medals in 100m and 200m breast stroke, 100m back stroke and 100m butterfly, a bronze medal in 200m butterfly and a fourth-place medal in the 200m backstroke.
The former world number one 200m breast stroke star who set three world, 10 European, nine Commonwealth records and 17 British records during a distinguished sporting career, assisted young athletes at the Meadows School in Oldbury yesterday.
1 -- 4 -- color) Michael Ewart, 16, swims the breast stroke during a Saturday swim meet.
As well as winning gold for 100metres breast stroke, 200metres individual medley, 100 metres freestyle and 4x100 metres medley relay and silver for the 50metres butterfly, his team set a new world record in the 100metres relay event.
And she was soon doing the breast stroke in the warm water.
We're are stronger in some events, such as the men's breast stroke and women's back-stroke, than we are in others but we will be the best prepared and the most professional swim team in Athens.
It's a sport in which you can do little wrong, whether you prefer breast stroke, front crawl or back stroke, and there's nothing wrong with just sticking to one style.