Breast Stroke


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms.

Breast Stroke

 

a method of sports swimming on the breast, characterized by simultaneous symmetrical movements of the extremities in a horizontal plane.

In executing the breast stroke the swimmer lies in the water horizontally, swings his arms to the sides with his palms turned outward, bends them at the elbows and brings them together in front of his face.

At the same time, the swimmer pulls up his legs while rotating his feet to the sides. Then he stretches his arms forward. The inner surface of the knees and feet push against the water and the legs impel the swimmer’s body forward by their circular motion and are then brought together. The swimmer moves forward and then begins a new cycle of movements. The breast stroke is also used as a corrective exercise in cases of curvature of the spine. There is a variation of the breast stroke—a more rapid method known as the butterfly.

The program of the Olympic Games includes two distances of the breast stroke—100 and 200 m. The breast stroke is also one of the stages of the 4 × 100-meter relay and part of the medley competition. As of Jan. 1, 1968, the established world records in the men’s breast stroke were 1 min, 6.7 sec, V. Kosinskii (USSR), in the 100-meter race and 2 min, 27.8 sec, I. O’Brien (Australia), in the 200-meter race. World records in the women’s breast stroke are 1 min, 14.6 sec, C. Ball (USA), in the 100-meter race and 2 min, 39.5 sec, C. Ball, in the 200-meter race.

Great contributions to the development of the breast stroke have been made by the Soviet swimmers A. Mareev, Honored Master of Sport L. Meshkov, European Champion (1966) and Honored Master of Sport G. Prokopenko, Olympic Champion (1964, Tokyo), European Champion (1966), and Honored Master of Sport G. Prozumenshchikova, world record holder (1969) and Master of Sport N. Pankin, and others.

N. A. BUTOVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
RAY J OFLIGHT Model gets to grip with stingrays SINKING Z FEELING Deep sea diver HELLO J BUOYS Former Miss World GOING J SWIMMINGLY Rosanna perfects her breast stroke yesterday in Sealife Aquarium, Bray, Co Wicklow
Elly Williams, 13, achieved PB times in the 100m breast stroke, back stroke and 200m back stroke.
In the Canada Cup 200 metres breast stroke in Torondo last month, while competing for her club, she was disqualified for ducking her head under the water going into a turn.
1 -- 4 -- color) Michael Ewart, 16, swims the breast stroke during a Saturday swim meet.
As well as winning gold for 100metres breast stroke, 200metres individual medley, 100 metres freestyle and 4x100 metres medley relay and silver for the 50metres butterfly, his team set a new world record in the 100metres relay event.
And in both the 50m and 100m breast stroke events,Sam broke the current Junior British Deaf records.
It's a sport in which you can do little wrong, whether you prefer breast stroke, front crawl or back stroke, and there's nothing wrong with just sticking to one style.
The butterfly stroke is derived from the breast stroke in the 1930s, and makes its Olympic debut in 1956.
6 and under freestyle-25 yards ($1,000 scholarship) 7 to 8 freestyle-50 yards ($1,000 scholarship) 9 to 10 freestyle, breast stroke, or backstroke-100 yards ($1,000 scholarship) 11 to 12 freestyle, breast stroke, or backstroke-100 yards ($1,000 scholarship)
The four strokes used in Olympic swimming are freestyle, backstroke, breast stroke, and: A.
In the navy we had a saying for this sort of thing, it was called the Maltese breast stroke.
Scholarship Swimming Ages 6 and under Freestyle Ages 7 to 8 Freestyle Ages 9 to 10 Freestyle, breast stroke, or backstroke Ages 11 to 12 Freestyle, breast stroke, or backstroke