Breton


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Breton

1
André . 1896--1966, French poet and art critic: founder and chief theorist of surrealism, publishing the first surrealist manifesto in 1924

Breton

2
1. a native or inhabitant of Brittany, esp one who speaks the Breton language
2. the indigenous language of Brittany, belonging to the Brythonic subgroup of the Celtic family of languages

Breton

 

the language of the Bretons, which belongs to the Celtic group of the Indo-European language family. It is spoken in the peninsula of Brittany, along with the French language, by approximately 1.1 million people (1967 estimate). Breton is divided into four dialects: Vannetais (or southeastern) in the department of Morbihan, Trégorrois (northeastern) in the western part of the department of Côtes-du-Nord, and Cornouaillais (southwestern) and Léonais (northwestern) in the department of Finistère. There is no single colloquial literary language; magazines published in Breton use the Léonais dialect as the basis of the literary language. The first written records in the Breton language are the glosses of the eighth to the 11th centuries. The first lexicon, a Breton-Latin-French dictionary, was compiled in 1464.

REFERENCES

Vallée, F. La langue brétonne en 40 leçons. St. Brieuc, 1940.
Hemon, R. La langue brétonne. La Baule, 1947.
Ernault, E. Glossaire moyen-bréton, 2nd ed. Paris, 1896.
Loth, J. Vocabulaire vieux-bréton, avec commentaire. Paris, 1884.
References in periodicals archive ?
On Breton separatist political movements, see Alain Deniel, Le mouvement Breton, 1919-1945 (Paris, 1976); Jack Reese, The Bretons Against France (Chapel Hill, 1977); a retrospective account by the principal Breton nationalist leader of the interwar period is Olier Mordrel, L'ldee Bretonne (Paris, 1981).
We did have a bank behind us, and at the 11th hour they pulled out and that caught us off guard," Breton said.
The high abundance of moose in the Highlands area of Cape Breton is such that animals are dispersing throughout most of northern Cape Breton.
Cape Breton Castings primarily produces aluminum parts for the automotive industry.
Pulpit supply is especially challenging in Cape Breton, where 15 charges cover 31 congregations.
Mike, a Welshman who is now an adopted Breton, plays the diatonic accordion and sings, while Yves plays traditional clarinet, sings and is one of Brittany's leading dance teachers.
Mr Brammer said: 'The bird has settled down well so I have told Mr Breton he can keep him.
The bar is made from the stone chimney of the old manor house and the main rooms have huge Breton fireplaces with burning logs.
The program - titled after her debut CD, issued in October - features the young soprano performing on a stage set against the backdrop of her hometown of Glace Bay, a small fishing community on Nova Scotia's wind- swept Cape Breton coast.
He told us: "During the early 1900s more than 50,000 people in Cape Breton spoke Irish as their first language.
The global CRM outsourcing and support services provider reported that close cooperation with the government of Canada and the Province of Nova Scotia through its economic development fund, Cape Breton Growth Fund, cemented the agreement.