Brian Mulroney


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Mulroney, Brian

(Martin Brian Mulroney) (mŭlrō`nē, –ro͞o`nē), 1939–, Canadian prime minister (1984–93). Raised in Quebec in a working class family, Mulroney was a successful bilingual lawyer who became active in provincial politics in the 1970s. In 1983 he was elected both national leader of the Progressive Conservative partyProgressive Conservative party,
former Canadian political party, formed in 1942 by the merger of the Progressive and Conservative parties. Beginning with the first Canadian prime minister, John A.
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 and to Parliament. In 1984 he became prime minister. In 1987 he negotiated a free trade agreement with the United States; in 1992 Canada, the United States, and Mexico signed the North American Free Trade AgreementNorth American Free Trade Agreement
(NAFTA), accord establishing a free-trade zone in North America; it was signed in 1992 by Canada, Mexico, and the United States and took effect on Jan. 1, 1994.
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 (NAFTA). Mulroney tried, through the failed Meech Lake AccordMeech Lake Accord,
set of constitutional reforms designed to induce Quebec to accept the Canada Act. The Accord's five basic points, proposed by Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa, include a guarantee of Quebec's special status as a "distinct society" and a commitment to Canada's
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, to settle the problem of the constitutional status of Quebec. In 1992 he engineered a subsequent constitutional compromise on the problem of provincial autonomy; it was defeated in a national referendum. Mulroney resigned in 1993 in the midst of a recession.

His reputation was subsequently sullied by allegations in 1995 that he had received kickbacks as a result of Air Canada's deal with Airbus. Although the government settled (1997) a defamation lawsuit Mulroney brought against it, it was later confirmed that he had accepted at least $225,000 in cash from a German lobbyist from 1993 to 1994, though why it was paid (or exactly how much was paid) was not made clear in subsequent investigations. A government inquiry ultimately (2010) questioned Mulroney's credibility and said he had acted inappropriately.

References in periodicals archive ?
Brian Mulroney was the 18th prime minister of which country?
Prior to her appointment to the Senate, Senator LeBreton was an advisor to political leaders including John Diefenbaker, Robert Stanfield, Joe Clark and Brian Mulroney.
Brian Mulroney came along and got rid of the National Energy Program, tried hard on the Constitutional front, established the GST, and negotiated the Canada-U.
para]]Association Members The Right Honorable Brian Mulroney, Rebecca MacDonald, Isadore Sharp, Prem Watsa and Rick Waugh on hand to announce $10 million fund[[/para]]
Norton Rose Fulbright congratulates its senior partner, the Right Honourable Brian Mulroney, on being honoured with the Order of the Companions of OR Tambo in South Africa, in the Gold category.
BIRTHDAYS: Dame Vera Lynn, singer, 98; Brian Mulroney, former Canadian prime minister, 76; William Hurt, actor, 65; Spike Lee, actor/ director, 58; Theresa Russell, actress, 58; Holly Hunter, actress, 57; Paul Merson, former footballer, 47; Michael Rapaport, actor, 45; Alex Kapranos, singer and guitarist (Franz Ferdinand), 43; Jane March, actress, 42.
BORN SPIKE Lee, US film director, 1957 BRIAN Mulroney, Canadian PM, 1939 VERA Lynn, UK popular singer, 1917, above DIED BRENDAN Behan, Irish playwright, 1964 BRIAN Wilde, English actor, 2008, above LEV Yashin, Soviet Goalkeeper, 1990
In 1984, Progressive Conservative leader Brian Mulroney took office as Canada's 18th prime minister.
The Board of Quebecor Media also named Francoise Bertrand as Chairperson of the Board and the Right Honourable Brian Mulroney as Vice Chairman, the positions they occupy on the Board of Quebecor.
He would do well to look at the example of another Conservative prime minister of Canada, Brian Mulroney, who led the Commonwealth in opposing apartheid in a suspended member state, South Africa.
At the end of the 1980s, the Cold War was coming to a head, the recently reelected Progressive Conservative government of Brian Mulroney had just reinstated the distinctive tri-service uniforms, Perrin Beatty was the defence minister, and Canada had tabled a White Paper on Defence that intended to increase the size of the Canadian Forces, add a squadron of 12 nuclear-powered submarines to the Navy, purchase 400 new main battle tanks (MTBs) and find replacements for the aging Sea King helicopters.
Returning to academic life in 1975, Stackhouse served as principal of Toronto's Wycliffe College for the next decade and then won a second term in Parliament in 1984, serving in the ruling government of Brian Mulroney.