Brigade


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Brigade

 

(French brigade, from the Italian brigata— society, detachment), in military usage in reference to ground forces, a large unit of several battalions or of regiments and subunits of special forces. Among others, there are motorized rifle (motorized infantry, infantry), cavalry, tank, rocket, artillery (gun, howitzer, infantry mortar, antitank, combined), engineer (combat engineer), airborne, and marine brigades. In the navy a brigade is a large tactical unit of warships of the same class. They are differentiated as separate organic brigades.

The brigade as a troop unit originated in the Spanish Army in the second half of the 16th century. It appeared in the Russian Army in the early 18th century; originally it was only a combat unit that was sometimes formed immediately before combat. In the 19th century the two-regiment brigade became a permanent organizational unit in infantry and cavalry, becoming part of a division (two brigades each). In 1806 the first artillery brigades were formed, and in 1819 combat engineer brigades were formed. The brigade was preserved as an organizational unit in most armies. In the Red Army during the Civil War (1918-20) there were three-regiment brigades organic to rifle divisions (three brigades each).

References in periodicals archive ?
The headquarters section will include a ten-person IEW maintenance section giving the brigade an organic IEW maintenance support capability.
Alaska's Stryker Brigade will be made up of three infantry battalions; one calvary squadron for reconnaissance, surveillance and target acquisition; one field artillery battalion; one brigade support battalion; one military intelligence company; one engineer company; one signal company; and one anti-tank company.
With the energy of youth and junk food fueling its fire, it didn't take long for Bones Brigade to get noticed.
Local fire brigade leaders and officials from the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister denied there were any plans to set up a regional fire service for the Midlands, but a Government official said it might become a reality in some of the areas.
Though the brigade is open to deploying for "coalition of the willing," peacekeeping or humanitarian-support operations, it will not participate in "peace enforcement" operations, an official said.
and Turkey, and a multinational Nordic Polish Brigade with its own traditions and training in peace support operations and under the command of a Polish general with his Warsaw Pact training, had a lot of potential for misunderstandings and conflicts.
My love affair with the Abraham Lincoln Brigade, and my debt to its Veterans, started many years ago, when I was nine years old.
Management officials should examine the level of experience and skills of the members of the municipal fire department to determine if a foundry fire brigade is warranted.
Their brigades quashed fires only in insured buildings.
Specifically, I want to assist FA57s who will be assigned to sustainment brigades in the future and to describe the training exercises and road to war (RTW) that certified the 3rd Sustainment Brigade for the two deployments.
Jefferson City, Missouri has been selected as the national headquarters for Disaster Brigade U.
The first--and often overlooked--step for a brigade S1 to effectively man the brigade is to know its MTOE personnel authorizations.