Richard Bright

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Bright, Richard,

1789–1858, English physician. In London he was the leading consultant of his time, and he contributed many important clinical observations. He was the author of the significant Reports of Medical Cases (Vol. I, 1827). This contained his description of certain forms of nephritisnephritis
, inflammation of the kidney. The earliest finding is within the renal capillaries (glomeruli); interstitial edema is typically followed by interstitial infiltration of lymphocytes, plasma cells, eosinophils, and a small number of polymorphonuclear leukocytes.
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, or kidney disease, known generally as Bright's disease, and of dropsy resulting from kidney disease, as distinct from cardiac dropsy. Bright was a physician at Guy's Hospital.
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George Johnson (8) can be awarded the distinction of being first to describe noncalcified, nonatheromatous stiffening of small vessels in his review of Bright disease, published in 1868.