Brisbane

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Brisbane

(brĭz`bən), city (1991 pop. 1,145,537), capital of Queensland, E Australia, on the Brisbane River above its mouth on Moreton Bay. Brisbane is Australia's third largest city and an administrative, commercial, industrial, and cultural center. It has shipyards, oil refineries, food-processing plants, textile mills, automobile and telecommunications plants, and railroad workshops, but in recent years tourism and commercial expansion have dominated the city's development. Extensive suburban growth has accompanied the city's rapid increase in population.

The area was settled in 1824 as a penal colony, and the city was named in 1834 for Sir Thomas BrisbaneBrisbane, Sir Thomas Makdougall
, 1773–1860, British soldier, astronomer, and colonial administrator in Australia, b. Scotland. From 1793 to 1814 he served in the army in Flanders, in the West Indies, in Spain, and in Canada, rising to the rank of brigadier general.
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, governor of New South Wales. In 1925 the Greater Brisbane Act unified the administration of 19 formerly separate localities. The city and its suburbs have at times experienced significant flooding, most devastatingly in 1974 and 2011. Brisbane is the seat of the Univ. of Queensland (1909) and other universities, several art and other museums, and a performing arts complex.

Brisbane

a port in E Australia, the capital of Queensland: founded in 1824 as a penal settlement; vast agricultural hinterland. Pop.: 1 508 161 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
Today (August 28) marked the commencement of works on the Queensland government's multimillion-dollar housing project boosting affordable accommodation options for Brisbanites.
Brisbanites have an insatiable appetite for interesting new cooking and The Survey Company Bar and Bistro (www.
As Brisbanites pulled out all the stops this morning to clean up and restore their rather attractive city, it was obvious the floodwaters of the past few days had little respect for the status or economic well-being of the homeowner.