Encyclopaedia Britannica

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Encyclopaedia Britannica

 

the oldest and one of the most famous universal encyclopedias in the capitalist world.

The first edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica was published in three volumes in Edinburgh from 1768 to 1771. On the whole, the first eight editions were not of a very high standard. K. Marx, who used the eighth edition of the encyclopedia, remarked (based on his study of the articles on military and historical subjects) in a letter to F. Engels on July 16, 1857, that this encyclopedia was “copied almost verbatim from German and French publications” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 29, p. 123). The ninth edition (1875-89, in 25 volumes) of the Britannica showed considerable improvement, especially in the sections on the natural and exact sciences. The 11th edition (1910-11, in 29 volumes) is considered to be the best: the content was broadened, biographies of living figures were included for the first time, and the scientific content of a number of articles was highly esteemed by contemporaries. The extremely well-compiled index was also noteworthy. In 1929 the 14th edition of the Britannica was published in 24 volumes; it was the last edition to be numbered. Since that time the Britannica has been published using the so-called continuous revision system, according to which a small portion of the articles are revised at the time of each annual reprinting. Some American and British scholars, in analyzing the Encyclopaedia Britannica, have noted that most of the articles have been reprinted for many years without any changes although many of them contain outmoded, erroneous information.

The predominant type of article is an extended survey of a broad subject, as a result of which the number of entries is comparatively small (averaging 40,000 terms). The publishers of the Britannica draw upon scholars from approximately 50 countries to write the articles. Many questions of history, philosophy, politics, and economics are explained from anticommunist points of view.

At the beginning of the 20th century a joint Anglo-American venture was formed to work on the Britannica, a fact which has led to its transformation into a British-American encyclopedia both in content and in the basic staff of authors and editors. Since the early 1940’s the Britannica has been published in Chicago by Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc., headed by W. Benton (died 1973). An editorial section of the Britannica has been retained in London. Since 1938 yearbooks entitled Britannica Book of the Year . . . have been brought out (in separate American and British editions).

In 1947, four supplementary volumes of the Britannica were published, reflecting the events of 1937-46 connected with World War II and its preparation and consequences. For the 200th anniversary of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, in 1968, three volumes were issued containing major articles on various branches of knowledge. In 1969 announcements appeared in the press concerning the initial stage of preparing a new edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica.

I. V. GUDOVSHCHIKOVA

References in classic literature ?
He CRAMMED for it, to use a technical but expressive term; he read up for the subject, at my desire, in the "Encyclopaedia Britannica.
Salesforce Customer Success Platform helps Encyclopaedia Britannica reinvent its 247-year-old business to compete in the online education market and maintain a 95 percent customer renewal rate
Encyclopaedia Britannica, global digital media company with products that promote knowledge and learning, has inducted Indian High School, Dubai in the prestigious Britannica President's Club for South Asia.
For Encyclopedia Britannica the writing was on the virtual wall.
After 244 years as a printed reference book, Britannica will now only be available online.
WORLDWIDE COMPUTER PRODUCTS NEWS-October 26, 2011-Encyclopaedia Britannica releases new app for iPad(C)1995-2011 M2 COMMUNICATIONS http://www.
London, Jan 23 (ANI): Britannica, the 240-year-old Encyclopaedia, has taken a hands-on approach towards rival Wikipedia-it has launched a new online version where users can contribute and edit content.
Each pair, devoted to a single topic, consisted of one article from Britannica and one from Wikipedia.
Other sets include Britannica Discover Library for ages 3-6, My First Britannica for ages 6-11, Compton's by Britannica for ages 10-17, and the full Encyclopedia Britannica for late high school, college and adult users.
Published in Nature's December 15, 2005, issue, the study claimed to have found that the science coverage in the Encyclopaedia Britannica was only slightly more accurate than that in Wikipedia.
Bill Blass comes to Britannica from Springs Industries, which held the license for 20 years.
TBS-Britannica was established in 1969 by Encyclopedia Britannica Inc.