In 1991, after Somalia's meltdown at the hands of former Somali president Siad Barre, the areas which formerly covered British Somaliland
declared independence -- breaking away from Somalia.
45) The conference predicated the new territorial borders on the notion that the Act of Union was not properly passed, and thus, post-colonial British Somaliland
and Italian Somalia were never truly a unified state, which provided a legal basis for their resolution.
May 18, 1991 was a historic day -- the rebirth of Republic of Somaliland (known as British Somaliland
from 1884 to 1960).
After the fall of British Somaliland
, the British spent the fall of 1940, consolidating their positions in East Africa, integrating the above mentioned reinforcements, and launching harassment raids into Ethiopia.
Following Italy's declaration of war on the United Kingdom in June 1940, Italian troops overran British Somaliland
and drove out the British garrison.
Clan elders accepted and ratified the treaties, establishing the British Somaliland
Protectorate and securing trade routes for Great Britain.
Adam (political science, College of the Holy Cross) presents seven linked essays exploring issues of political and social conflict in Somalia and Somaliland since the independence of British Somaliland
When the Italians and British left, only British Somaliland
retained the forms of traditional negotiation that made the transition to independence smooth.
He returned home to a hero's welcome in 1942 and accepted his VC on behalf of the men who died alongside him at the Tug Argan Gap in British Somaliland
1) At independence, Somalia--officially the Somali Republic after the union of former British Somaliland
in the North and former Italian Somaliland in the South (2)--was regarded as one of the least likely African countries to fall into the category of a "failed state.
Somaliland, the former British Somaliland
, declared independence from failed Somalia 18 years ago, and remains active without international support.