dominion

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dominion,

power to rule, or that which is subject to rule. Before 1949 the term was used officially to describe the self-governing countries of the Commonwealth of NationsCommonwealth of Nations,
voluntary association of Great Britain and its dependencies, certain former British dependencies that are now sovereign states and their dependencies, and the associated states (states with full internal government but whose external relations are
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—e.g., Canada, Australia, or India. In 1949 India became a republic within the Commonwealth, and the use of the term dominion has since been largely abandoned because it is thought to imply subordination. Now these states are simply referred to as members of the Commonwealth.

Dominion

 

until 1947, the designation of the members of the British Commonwealth. The king of England was the head of the dominions and was represented in them by governors-general.

The term “dominion” was first used at an imperial conference in 1926, which asserted that the United Kingdom and the dominions are autonomous communities within the British Empire, equal in status and in no way subordinate to each other in any aspect of their domestic or external affairs, although they are united by a common allegiance to the crown. However, the organization of power in terms of dominions had been introduced earlier. Dominion status was conferred on Canada in 1867, the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901, New Zealand in 1907, the Union of South Africa in 1910, Newfoundland in 1917, and Ireland in 1921. The imperial conferences of 1926 and 1930 officially recognized the complete independence of the dominions in domestic and foreign policy and their political and legal equality with the motherland. The Statute of Westminster of 1931 legally established the sovereignty of the dominions.

Although the term “dominion” was officially replaced in 1947 by the term “member of the Commonwealth,” the form of rule in the former dominions and their legal status within the Commonwealth did not change. In 1971 the dominion form of rule existed in principle in Canada, the Commonwealth of Australia, New Zealand, Ceylon, the island of Mauritius, Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, Jamaica, Fiji, and Sierra Leone.

A. A. MISHIN

dominion

1. the land governed by one ruler or government
2. a name formerly applied to self-governing divisions of the British Empire
3. (capital) the. New Zealand
References in periodicals archive ?
the 1925 Treaty of Mutual Guarantee between Germany, Belgium, France, Great Britain and Italy ('Locarno Treaty) (49) was signed by Great Britain alone but included as an express provision that '[t]he present Treaty shall impose no obligation upon any of the British dominions, or upon India, unless the Government of such dominion, or of India, signifies its acceptance thereof', (50) an arrangement that drew on the Anglo-French Treaty of 1919, but in the event no Dominion Government did signify its acceptance, nor did India;
India and Pakistan have suffered through 65 years of mutual mistrust and hostility, even going to war on four separate occasions since British dominion ended.
AS an able seaman serving aboard the oil tanker British Dominion, Eynon Hawkins won the Albert Medal (translated to George Cross in 1972) for his courageous leadership in rallying crew members in the water after they had jumped from their torpedoed ship.
Eynon Hawkins of Pontyclun, near Llantrisant, showed great courage and presence of mind when the oil tanker British Dominion was struck by Uboat torpedoes on January 10, 1943.
As an able seaman serving aboard the oil tanker British Dominion in January 1943, Eynon Hawkins won the Albert Medal - which was translated to the George Cross in 1972 - for his courageous leadership in rallying crew members in the water after they had jumped from the torpedoed ship.
As an able seaman serving aboard the oil tanker British Dominion in January 1943, Eynon Hawkins won the Albert Medal (which was translated to the George Cross in 1972) for his courageous leadership in rallying crew members in the water after they had jumped from the torpedoed ship.
1834: Slavery was abolished in all British dominions.
The Statute of Westminster gave legal recognition to the independence of the British Dominions, repealing the Colonial Laws Validity Act 1865 and recognizing that "the Parliament of a Dominion has full power to make laws having extra-territorial application.
That number represented fourteen percent of the total who came to Canada in that ten-year period, the Army's contribution being seven times greater than that of the next most-active agency, the British Dominions Emigration Society.
Jarndyce and Jarndyce, still a good critique of the law today, the slum alleyway Tom Alone's, where Jo lives, and where "it might be better for the national glory even that the sun should sometimes set on the British dominions than that it should ever rise upon so vile a wonder".
In the end, one is left to marvel at the foresight of those who, all those years ago, came up with the "fleet unit" idea, as a way for the British dominions to contribute to the naval defense of the global economic system--something that should still resonate today, in this new era of naval cooperation.
His specialty is wartime histories of Australia and other British dominions, with a particular interest in aviation and air power.

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