Broadway Theaters

Broadway Theaters

 

the theaters located on or near Broadway in New York City. Broadway theaters evolved at the turn of the 20th century on the basis of private enterprise. They are characterized by purely commercial aims, by disregard for artistic and social objectives, and by the “star system.” Such theaters have neither resident acting companies nor changing repertoires; they present individual plays for long engagements. The establishment of Broadway theaters marked the end of the traditional theater system in New York and the entire USA.

In answer to the commercialism of Broadway theaters and the entertaining nature of Broadway plays, the little theater movement developed between the second and fourth decades of the 20th century. The little theaters set artistic and social objectives and provided opportunities for aspiring authors, stage directors, and actors. After World War II, little theaters were called off-Broadway theaters. They continued to stress the importance of establishing resident companies and changing repertoires and of staging plays by aspiring playwrights, including the first works of E. Albee.

As off-Broadway theaters were gradually bought out by commercial theater managers, the off off-Broadway theater movement came about in the 1960’s. Some off off-Broadway theaters were associated with the new left movement. Many figures in this trend renounce the psychological theater and turn to the experience of the puppet theater, the masque, and the theater of cruelty. Striving for innovation, they often engage in extreme experiments that shock their audiences; however, their basic goal is to strengthen the theater’s role in the social struggle. The leading off off-Broadway theaters are the Living Theater (directors J. Beck and J. Malina), the Bread and Puppet Theater (director P. Schumann), and the Performance Group (director R. Schechner, a leading theorist of the off off-Broadway movement).

K. A. GLADYSHEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Only in early the 20th century theaters arrived in the Times Square area, and the Broadway theaters did not consolidate there until a large number of theaters were built there in the 1920s and 1930s.
NEW YORK -- Broadway theaters plan to dim their marquee lights Friday night in memory of Geoffrey Holder, a Tony Award-winning director who led the groundbreaking show ''The Wiz'' to Broadway.
Attorney for the Southern District of New York Preet Bharara has filed and settled a lawsuit over accessibility in nine historic Broadway Theaters.
In his later years, he led a preservation movement to save some of the city's decaying Broadway theaters from demolition.
In land-starved Midtown during the first half of the last century, Broadway theaters "were essentially real-estate deals," says Dachs, unlike free-standing European theaters that often serve as national monuments.
He formed the young playwrights Festival in 1982, a national playwriting competition for young playwrights 18 years and younger from all 50 states and abroad, evaluated by theater professionals and top plays are fully produced annually at off Broadway theaters.
Movie theaters, chain restaurants, video arcades, and Broadway theaters (which nowadays specialize in shows based on Hollywood films) line a street kept pristine by an army of red-uniformed custodians.
Fearing Times Square crowds, police asked Broadway theaters to shut down for the night and owners quickly agreed.
During its evolution from the music of the footloose rural troubadors to soundstages and Broadway theaters, the music has shed a lot of its gritty texture.
BROADWAY, offering consumer and group ticketing for all Broadway shows as well as most London and Off Broadway theaters, hotel, restaurant and theater ticket packaging, and gift certificates.
Off Broadway theaters are dropping like flies," says Perry Street co-director Martin Platt.
TPR is the leading manufacturer of stage lighting products for the Broadway theaters in New York City and major touring companies throughout the United States.