Broca's aphasia


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Broca's aphasia

[¦brō·kəz ə′fā·zhə]
(psychology)
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Sveinsdottir and Siguroardottir (1999) worked with an elderly man with Broca's aphasia, three years post-onset.
There are no treatments for Wernicke's aphasia or Broca's aphasia, but there are treatment methods which can be applied for example to particular phonological disorders or certain disorders of lexical semantics.
People with Broca's aphasia speak with slow, labored speech that is often telegraphic, with few words and short sentences.
Broca's aphasia is the most common of the non-fluent type, thus named because it corresponds to a lesion in Broca's area of the brain.
Elbert & McRenyolds, 1987; Bierut, Elbert, & Dinnsen, 1987) and more complex language skills--some with limited generalization of grammatical construction taught such as syntax training for Broca's aphasia (Doyle, Goldstein, & Bourgeois, 1987) and some with profound long-term changes (Warren & Kasier, 1986 a,b; Goldstein & Hockenberger, 1991).
4] Occlusion of the superior trunk of the middle cerebral artery will result in the following symptoms: contralateral hemiplegia and hemianesthesia in the face and arm with lesser involvement of the lower extremity, ipsilateral deviation of eyes and head, and Broca's aphasia (with dominant hemisphere occlusion).
For example, Wernicke [1874] proposed a model with a motor centre and a sensory centre joined by a transmission route to explain the difference between Broca's aphasia (characterized by agrammatism, the inability to form whole sentences, so that speech consists of a limited number of words and phrases used individually, and intact comprehension) and what is now known as Wernicke's aphasia (fluent but apparently meaningless grammatical speech, with many neologisms, and impaired comprehension).
Preliminary results of the stroke-related Broca's aphasia study, CHESTNUT, are promising.
Based on these results, the diagnosis was severe non-fluent Broca's aphasia.
reported statistically significant improvements in sentence production following a semantically oriented treatment with a participant with Broca's aphasia and a selective verb-retrieval deficit [6].