brome grass


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brome grass,

common name for any plant of the genus Bromus, chiefly large, coarse grasses of a weedy nature; some, however, are useful as forage, and others are cultivated for decoration. Some of the better-known bromes are the smooth brome (B. inermis, sometimes called awnless, or Hungarian, brome), often cultivated for pasture or for holding banks; rescue grass (B. catharticus or B. unioloides), a forage in the Southern states; cheatgrass (B. tectorum, also known as downy, or drooping, brome), a Eurasian native that is a pest and fire hazard on North American rangeland and prairie; and rye brome (B. secalinus, also called chess or cheat), a Eurasian grass that is pest of North American grainfields, formerly believed by some to be degenerate wheat. Many species of brome grasses develop sharp-barbed fruits at maturity that are injurious to stock (whence the name ripgut grass for some); before maturity these are often used for forage. Brome grasses are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Cyperales, family Poaceae.
References in periodicals archive ?
These grasses include brome grass (Bromus catharticus), crab grass (Digitaria sanguinalis), hairy seed paspalum (Paspalum pubiflorum), love grass, spreading love grass (E.
Red brome grass (Bromus rubens) was introduced into the western United States during the mid-nineteenth century, but did not spread into the Mojave Desert until the early twentieth century (Hunter 1991).
He has planted cover crops between the rows: blando brome grass and rose clover.
Plant species seeded on the CRP fields included tall wheat grass (Agropyron elongatum), smooth brome grass (Bromus inermis, crested wheat grass (Agropyron deser torum), alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.
brome grass (Bromus inermis), Kentucky blue grass (Poa pratensis), redtop (Agrostis gigantea) yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis), and birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus).
ABOUT 20 MINUTES BEFORE dark I slowly stood for one last careful survey of the thick cedar grove around me and the waist-high brome grass field south of my treestand.
Selected portions of the Kernen Prairie have at times been burned to minimize the impact of invading species, such as smooth brome grass, and to preserve the grassland diversity by eliminating woody shrubs.
Come spring, I prepared the trenches, planted the roots and then, along with the emerging asparagus, came the brome grass, Canada thistle, and a million varieties of annual weeds.