Bromeliaceae


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Bromeliaceae: bromeliad

Bromeliaceae

[brō‚mel·ē′ās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
The single family of the flowering plant order Bromeliales.

Bromeliaceae

 

or pineapplè family, a family of monocotyledonous, mostly herbaceous perennial plants. There are approximately 50 genera and up to 2,000 species distributed in tropical and subtropical America. As a rule, the stalks are shortened, with rosettes of long and variegated leaves that are often spined at the edges. The leaves are usually strongly broadened at the base and, densely enclosing each other, form water-catching funnels. The inflorescences are spikes, brushes, caps, and panicles, and on many Bromeliaceae the inflorescences have brightly colored bracts. The flowers are regular, bisexual, and, for the most part, brightly colored, with a tripartite calyx and corolla. There are six stamens and one pistil with a three-chambered ovary. The fruit is a boll or a berry. Only a few Bromeliaceae grow in the soil; the rest are epiphytes. Water, organic remains, and even flora and fauna accumulate in the funnel-shaped leaf rosettes of the Bromeliaceae. From there the leaves absorb water and nourishment through their bases. Many Bromeliaceae have a special water-carrying tissue, special filaments for water absorption. Of the widely cultivated plants, pineapples belong to the Bromeliaceae. Other Bromeliaceae are raised in greenhouses and indoors because of their beautiful leaves, bright blossoms, and prolonged blooming. Also of the Bromeliaceae family is so-called Louisiana moss (Spanish moss), whose long, leafless, threadlike stalks hang from trees and are used for stuffing mattresses, furniture, and so forth.

REFERENCE

Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
The occurrence of many Bromeliaceae on the ground in the middle and transition sectors confirms the high light incidence.
Orchidaceae, Bromeliaceae and Cactaceae (78% of the total of species) are among the richest families recorded in Brazilian Semideciduous Forests (Rogalski & Zanin, 2003; Cervi & Borgo, 2007; Dettke et al.
2015), especialmente Compositae (1965; 2013), Fabaceae (2694; 2756), Poacaeae (1401; 1281), Myrtaceae (927; 1030), Melastomataceae (1312; 1367) y Bromeliaceae (1207; 1343).
Floral anatomy of Bromeliaceae, with particular reference to the evolution of epigyny and septal nectaries in commelinid monocots.
2005), Proenca y Sajo (2007) reportan que dichos cristales pueden tener caracter diagnostico para la familia Bromeliaceae.
Work by Italo Trevino Zevallos in November 2007 had identified nine Bromeliaceae species present on the reserve.
Variacao na estrutura e na composicao de Bromeliaceae em cinco zonas de restinga no Parque Nacional da Restinga de Jurubatiba, Macae, RJ.
Parte III: Bromeliaceae, Burmanniaceae, Calochortaceae y Cannaceae.
The Brazilian coastal rain forest is the habitat preferred by Bromeliaceae (81.
Guzmanias and vrieseas--two popular members of the Bromeliaceae family--are almost as lowmaintenance as plastic plants.