Bromeliaceae


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Related to Bromeliaceae: bromeliad

Bromeliaceae

[brō‚mel·ē′ās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
The single family of the flowering plant order Bromeliales.

Bromeliaceae

 

or pineapplè family, a family of monocotyledonous, mostly herbaceous perennial plants. There are approximately 50 genera and up to 2,000 species distributed in tropical and subtropical America. As a rule, the stalks are shortened, with rosettes of long and variegated leaves that are often spined at the edges. The leaves are usually strongly broadened at the base and, densely enclosing each other, form water-catching funnels. The inflorescences are spikes, brushes, caps, and panicles, and on many Bromeliaceae the inflorescences have brightly colored bracts. The flowers are regular, bisexual, and, for the most part, brightly colored, with a tripartite calyx and corolla. There are six stamens and one pistil with a three-chambered ovary. The fruit is a boll or a berry. Only a few Bromeliaceae grow in the soil; the rest are epiphytes. Water, organic remains, and even flora and fauna accumulate in the funnel-shaped leaf rosettes of the Bromeliaceae. From there the leaves absorb water and nourishment through their bases. Many Bromeliaceae have a special water-carrying tissue, special filaments for water absorption. Of the widely cultivated plants, pineapples belong to the Bromeliaceae. Other Bromeliaceae are raised in greenhouses and indoors because of their beautiful leaves, bright blossoms, and prolonged blooming. Also of the Bromeliaceae family is so-called Louisiana moss (Spanish moss), whose long, leafless, threadlike stalks hang from trees and are used for stuffing mattresses, furniture, and so forth.

REFERENCE

Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
Work by Italo Trevino Zevallos in November 2007 had identified nine Bromeliaceae species present on the reserve.
Variacao na estrutura e na composicao de Bromeliaceae em cinco zonas de restinga no Parque Nacional da Restinga de Jurubatiba, Macae, RJ.
The neotropical plant family Bromeliaceae contains nearly 2,800 species in three subfamilies, Bromelioideae, Pitcaimioideae, and Tillandsioideae.
The Brazilian coastal rain forest is the habitat preferred by Bromeliaceae (81.
1) Rocky outcrops, referring to areas with soils derived from quartzite, that are dominated by several species of herbs, shrubs (such as Bromeliaceae, Orchidaceae, Velloziaceae, and Cactaceae), and small trees up to 3 m in height, including Eremanthus erythropappus and E.
Two allopatric species of Coryphasia (Araneae: Salticidae), both described for the first time in this study, have been found associated with Bromeliaceae in distinct phytophysiognomies (e.
MST (TTS) (dru; B, OA) Bromeliaceae Hechtia glomerata Zucc.
Microsporogenesis and anther development in Bromeliaceae.
The montane Atlantic Forest of the Serra dos Indios, mainly the portion near the Indios river, is very rich in epiphytes, mostly Bromeliaceae represented by 10 genera, including four Nidularium species [N.