Brooklyn

(redirected from Brooklyn, New York)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Brooklyn

(bro͝ok`lĭn), borough of New York City (1990 pop. 2,300,664), 71 sq mi (184 sq km), coextensive with Kings co., SE N.Y., at the western extremity of Long IslandLong Island
(1990 pop. 6,861,454), 1,723 sq mi (4,463 sq km), 118 mi (190 km) long, and from 12 to 20 mi (19–32 km) wide, SE N.Y.; fourth largest island of the United States and the largest outside Alaska and Hawaii.
..... Click the link for more information.
; an independent city from 1834, it became a New York borough in 1898. Brooklyn has the largest population of the city's five boroughs. Among its manufactures are machinery, textiles, paper products, and chemicals; it is also a center of foreign and domestic commerce and has extensive waterfront facilities. The Brooklyn (1883), Manhattan, and Williamsburg bridges span the East River, connecting Brooklyn with Manhattan; beneath the river are the Hugh L. Carey, or Brooklyn-Battery, Tunnel (vehicular) and subway tunnels. The Verrazano-Narrows Bridge connects the borough with Staten Island.

Neighborhoods and Points of Interest

Brooklyn is a borough of well-defined neighborhoods, from the gentrified brownstone communities of Park Slope and Cobble Hill to Bedford-Stuyvesant, the largest African-American neighborhood in the city. Brighton Beach has a large community of Russian Jews, and there are also neighborhoods of Caribbean blacks, Hispanics, Italians, Poles, Hasidic Jews, Arabs, Chinese, and others.

Among educational institutions in the borough are Brooklyn College of the City Univ. of New York, Polytechnic Institute of New York Univ., Pratt Institute, St. Joseph's College, and Long Island Univ. Near Prospect Park, scene of fighting in the American Revolution (see Long Island, battle ofLong Island, battle of,
Aug. 27, 1776, American defeat in the American Revolution. To protect New York City and the lower Hudson valley from the British forces massed on Staten Island, George Washington sent part of his small army to defend Brooklyn Heights, on Long Island.
..... Click the link for more information.
), is the main building of the Brooklyn Public Library. Nearby are the Brooklyn Museum of Art, the Brooklyn Botanic Garden, and the renowned, innovative Brooklyn Academy of Music.

In the "City of Churches," the Plymouth Church of the Pilgrims, where Henry Ward BeecherBeecher, Henry Ward,
1813–87, American Congregational preacher, orator, and lecturer, b. Litchfield, Conn.; son of Lyman Beecher and brother of Harriet Beecher Stowe. He graduated from Amherst in 1834 and attended Lane Theological Seminary, Cincinnati.
..... Click the link for more information.
 preached, is perhaps best known. Other points of interest include Coney IslandConey Island
, beach resort, amusement center, and neighborhood of S Brooklyn borough of New York City, SE N.Y., on the Atlantic Ocean. The tidal creek that once separated the island from the mainland has been filled in, making the area a peninsula.
..... Click the link for more information.
, with its beach, amusement park, and New York Aquarium; the Barclays Center (2012), home to professional basketball's Brooklyn Nets; Brooklyn Bridge Park; Green-Wood Cemetery; and the Lefferts Homestead (1777). Fort Hamilton (1831) overlooks the Narrows of New York Bay. Marine Park, Floyd Bennett Field (originally the city's first municipal airport), and parts of Jamaica Bay are included in Gateway National Recreation Area.

History

The Dutch and English settled the area (previously home to the Canarsie) in 1636 and 1637; about nine years later Dutch farmers established the hamlet of Brueckelen, near the present Borough Hall. By 1664, six towns had been established: Breuckelen (later anglicized to Brooklyn), Bushwick, Flatbush, Nieuw Amersfoort (Flatlands), Gravesend, and New Utrecht. Kings county was established in 1683; the Brooklyn Ferry area was incorporated as the village of Brooklyn in 1816, and the entire town was chartered as a city in 1834. In the 1830s Brooklyn Heights became perhaps the first modern suburb, accessible to New York City by ferry.

Brooklyn steadily absorbed neighboring settlements. After annexing Williamsburg and Bushwick in 1854, it became the third largest city in the United States, and continued to absorb other towns, including Flatbush, New Utrecht, and Gravesend, until it became coextensive with Kings County in 1896. In 1898, when it became a New York City borough, its population was 830,000. Immigration doubled its population in the next twenty years.

The New York Naval Shipyard (popularly, the Brooklyn Navy Yard) was located on the East River from 1801 until its closing in the late 1960s, when Brooklyn was declining as a port. The Daily Eagle, published in Brooklyn from 1841 until 1955, had Walt WhitmanWhitman, Walt
(Walter Whitman), 1819–92, American poet, b. West Hills, N.Y. Considered by many to be the greatest of all American poets, Walt Whitman celebrated the freedom and dignity of the individual and sang the praises of democracy and the brotherhood of man.
..... Click the link for more information.
 as one of its early editors. The borough is also famed as home to the Brooklyn Dodgers (at Ebbets Field), until the baseball team moved to Los Angeles in 1957.

Bibliography

See H. C. Syrett, The City of Brooklyn, 1865–1898 (1944, repr. 1968); R. F. Weld, Brooklyn Is America (1950, repr. 1967) and Brooklyn Village, 1816–1834 (1932, repr. 1970); D. W. McCullogh, Brooklyn (1983); E. Willensky, When Brooklyn Was the World (1986); K. Jackson, The Neighborhoods of Brooklyn (1998); M. Linder and L. S. Zacharias, Of Cabbages and Kings County (1999).

Brooklyn

a borough of New York City, on the SW end of Long Island. Pop.: 2 465 326 (2000)
References in periodicals archive ?
1,500,000 for a single-tenant, three story commercial building comprised of 6,000 square feet, located in the Sunset Park neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York.
6m, with six branches in Central New Jersey, 12 in Staten Island, New York, and three in Brooklyn, New York.
A note about our poster: Ania Lisa Etienne created her poster as an eighth-grade student in Valerie Louzanis's art class at Mark Twain Intermediate School 239 in Brooklyn, New York.
3,000,000 for a compilation of commercial buildings, partially owner occupied, containing a total of 61,000 square feet, located in the Prospect Heights section of Brooklyn, New York.
As the largest independent bank headquartered in Brooklyn, New York, we are excited to add our ninth Brooklyn-based branch.
com/ October through December 2003 Scholarship Recipients Name and Hometown University George Aoyama Soka University of America Culver City, California Aliso Viejo, California Marina Bakalinskaya City University of New York - Brooklyn College Brooklyn, New York Brooklyn, New York Catherine Biggart University of Southern California New York, New York Los Angeles, California Brett Cahill Wake Forest University Wellesley, Massachusetts Winston-Salem, North Carolina Ilene Calderon Ultrasound Diagnostics School Edison, New Jersey Iselin, New Jersey Alicia Ceballos City University of New York - Queens College Woodside, New York Flushing, New York Alex Coladonato St.
MARK MORRIS DANCE GROUP BROOKLYN ACADEMY OF MUSIC BROOKLYN, NEW YORK FEBRUARY 27-MARCH 3, 2002
A copy of the final prospectus may be obtained, when available, from Citigroup Corporate and Investment Banking, Brooklyn Army Terminal, 140 58th Street, 8th Floor, Brooklyn, New York 11220, Attention: Prospectus Department; fax: 718-765-6734; phone: 718-765-6732; or Merrill Lynch & Co.
33,880,000 for an 11-story and 12-story apartment buildings containing a total of 246 units, located on Prospect Place in Brooklyn, New York.
Heights High School in Brooklyn, New York Coe coaches 27 students and took them on, tour of the New York Stock Exchange.
1 /PRNewswire/ -- The three public library systems of New York City, Brooklyn, New York and Queens Borough, have joined with The Chase Manhattan Bank, N.
A written prospectus meeting the requirements of Section 10 of the Securities Act of 1933, when available, may be obtained from Citigroup Corporate and Investment Banking, Brooklyn Army Terminal, 140 58th Street, 8th Floor, Brooklyn, New York, 11220, Attention: Prospectus Department; fax: 718-765-6734; phone: 718-765-6732; or Merrill Lynch & Co.