Brooks, Gwendolyn


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Brooks, Gwendolyn (Elizabeth)

(1917–  ) poet, writer; born in Topeka, Kans. Based in Chicago, she graduated from Wilson Junior College there (1936) and was publicity director for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in Chicago (1930s). She taught at many institutions and succeeded Carl Sandburg as poet laureate of Illinois (1968). Her verse narrative Annie Allen (1949) won the first Pulitzer Prize awarded to an African-American woman (1950).