Adriaen Brouwer

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Brouwer or Brauwer, Adriaen

(both: ä`drēän' brou`ər), c.1606–1638, Flemish painter who worked in Haarlem. He studied with Hals at the same time as did the young Ostade, and the influence of their two styles, as well as that of Rubens, is apparent in his paintings. Brouwer is noted for his depictions of peasant life, particularly of drinking scenes and humorously treated single figures sleeping or smoking. Brouwer's early canvases were richly colored, in the Flemish style, while his later works (1631–38) were often monochromatic, a characteristic of the contemporary Dutch fashion. Brouwer was also an important master of landscape and a superb draftsman. His Drinkers at a Table (Brussels) and The Smokers (Metropolitan Mus.) are characteristic.

Bibliography

See study by G. Knuttel (tr. 1962).

Brouwer, Adriaen

 

Born 1605 or 1606, in Oudenaarde; buried Feb. 1, 1638, in Antwerp. Flemish painter.

A native of Flanders, Brouwer went to Holland about 1621 and worked, for the most part, in Amsterdam and in Haarlem, where he joined Franz Hals’ workshop about 1623-24. In 1631, Brouwer settled in Antwerp. One of the greatest masters of Flemish genre painting, Brouwer addressed himself to the life of the peasants and the urban lower classes, painting primarily scenes of carousing and brawling, of smokers and cardplayers in semidark taverns. Small in size, Brouwer’s paintings neither idealize nor refine but portray the life of the common people with its contradictory and at times gloomy aspects. Along with their spiritual ignorance and rudeness, however, Brouwer emphasized the activity of the simple people, the wholeness of their nature, and the fullness of their vital forces. Brouwer’s early paintings were sharply grotesque and marked by an expressiveness of mimicry and gestures. In his mature works, the characterization of the protagonists is enriched, the dramatic quality of the action is combined with a lyricism of mood, objects acquire a rare expressiveness, dynamic composition is executed with classical meticulousness, and the coloration is saturated and deep. Moreover, the sharp contrasts between patches of color are softened by finely nuanced light haze in such paintings as Peasants Brawling Over a Game of Cards (Gemäldegalerie, Dresden) and A Bitter Drink (Städelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt am Main). In Brouwer’s late paintings, the composition is calmer and simpler, the humor more intimate and benign, and a lyrical and dreamy mood prevails, for example, The Sleeping Smoker (Louvre, Paris) and Self-portrait (Mauritshuis, The Hague). Brouwer also painted rural landscapes, captivating in their portrayal of the intimate, melancholy poetry of evening silence and in their use of dramatic lighting effects, as seen in Moonlight (Gemäldegalerie, Dahlem Museum, West Berlin).

REFERENCES

Bode, W. Adriaen Brouwer. Berlin, 1924.
Höhne, E. Adriaen Brouwer. Leipzig [1960].
References in classic literature ?
The tale was told of old Brouwer, a most heretical disbeliever in ghosts, how he met the Horseman returning from his foray into Sleepy Hollow, and was obliged to get up behind him; how they galloped over bush and brake, over hill and swamp, until they reached the bridge; when the Horseman suddenly turned into a skeleton, threw old Brouwer into the brook, and sprang away over the tree-tops with a clap of thunder.
The stories of Brouwer, of Bones, and a whole budget of others were called to mind; and when they had diligently considered them all, and compared them with the symptoms of the present case, they shook their heads, and came to the conclusion chat Ichabod had been carried off by the Galloping Hessian.
We hear customers asking for stronger security when it comes to content security; and the marriage of our Digital Rights Management software with SafeNet's security expertise is absolutely the right answer," said Rist Brouwer, DMDsecure's CEO.
LIVERPOOL'S titlewinning reserve side ended an excellent season with another win, as second half goals from Andras Simon, Jay Spearing and Jordy Brouwer helped Gary Ablett's side come from behind to defeat Wigan Athletic in the FA Premier Reserve League North at Wrexham.
Stephen Darby worked his way to the byline and crossed for Jordy Brouwer to turn into the net at the near post.
Day-to-day management of the new operating company will be the responsibility of Harry Brouwer.
A first-half brace from Jordy Brouwer was enough to give the newlycrowned FA Premier Reserve League North champions took their 12th victory of what has been a hugely successful campaign and ensured they will head into their final league game of the season at home to Wigan Athletic having smashed through the 40-point barrier.
With Spearing and Brouwer in support he had options, but he appeared to be caught in two minds and produced a weak shot that was easy for Bogdan.
Integration of functionality across the entire supply chain is key to providing the best service and pricing to our customers and to our shareholders," added Simon Brouwer, managing director, SJB Group.
Stephen Darby worked his way to the by-line and crossed for Jordy Brouwer to turn into the net at the near post.
Liverpool are full of confidence at the moment, and they immediately set about imposing themselves on the game, with Jordy Brouwer, Mikel San Jose, Ray Putterill and the outstanding Emiliano Insua all going close.
Jay Spearing hit the post direct from a corner, Emiliano Insua and Jordy Brouwer both went close, and Ryan Flynn was denied twice by some great goal-keeping by the visitors' Adam Bogdan.