Joe Louis

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Louis, Joe

(Joseph Louis Barrow) (lo͞o`ĭs), 1914–81, American boxer, b. Lafayette, Ala. His father, a sharecropper, died when Louis was four years old, and in 1926 his stepfather took the family to Detroit, where Louis became interested in boxing. At 18 he began an amateur career in the ring. After winning (1934) the National Amateur Athletic Union light heavyweight title, Louis turned professional. In a meteoric rise, Louis—with magnificent physique, lightning punches, and stolid calmness—fought his way from the ranks of beginners to become (1937) the world heavyweight champion by knocking out James J. Braddock in the eighth round at Chicago. In 1938 he knocked out Max SchmelingSchmeling, Max
(Maximilian Schmeling), 1905–2005, German boxer. He debuted as a professional fighter in 1924 and came to the United States in 1928. Two years later the methodical slugger beat heavyweight champion Jack Sharkey (by a foul) to become Europe's first world
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—who had been the only man ever to defeat Louis (by a 12-round knockout in 1936) in professional boxing—in the first round in New York City. By the time he announced his retirement from the ring in 1949, Louis, often called the "Brown Bomber" by his admirers, had won 60 bouts, 51 by knockouts, and defended his title a record 25 times, scoring 21 knockouts. Louis came out of retirement in 1950, lost a decision to Ezzard Charles, and was knocked out (1951) by Rocky MarcianoMarciano, Rocky
, 1924–69, American boxer, b. Brockton, Mass. His real name was Rocco Francis Marchegiano. Failing to become a professional baseball player, Marciano turned to boxing and won 27 of 30 amateur bouts before he turned professional in 1947.
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, after which he retired. In 71 professional bouts Louis was defeated only three times.

Bibliography

See his autobiographies (1947, 1978); biographies by C. Mead (1985), R. Bak (1996), and R. Roberts (2010); L. A. Erenberg, The Greatest Fight of Our Generation: Louis vs. Schmeling (2005); D. Margolick, Beyond Glory: Joe Louis vs. Max Schmeling, and a World on the Brink (2005).

Louis, Joe (b. Joe Louis Barrow)

(1914–81) boxer; born in Lafayette, Ala. His reign as heavyweight champion of 11 years, eight months, is the longest in boxing history (1937–49). He turned professional in 1934 and won the heavyweight title in 1937 with a knockout of James J. Braddock in the eighth round. He defended his title 25 times, a record for any weight division, and posted a career record of 68 wins, three losses, with 54 knockouts. Nicknamed, "The Brown Bomber," he was a devastating puncher with either hand. His grace and seeming invincibility inspired African-Americans and won him fans throughout the world. Poor management of his earnings, however, left him practically destitute in his later years and he was often dependent on charitable gifts and such jobs as a "greeter" at a gambling casino. His autobiography, Joe Louis: My Life, was published in 1978.
References in periodicals archive ?
He had short brown hair, was clean-shaven and wearing a dark brown bomber jacket.
His claim to immortality rests on that single unforgettable fight against the fabled Brown Bomber in 1937.
JOE LOUIS: The Brown Bomber served in the US Army for four years during World War II but his biggest contribution to the war effort came before he was drafted.
He wore a brown bomber jacket and a black scarf covered the lower part of his face.
The other was also white, 6ft 3ins, thin with short brown hair with a left side parting and wearing a brown bomber style jacket, light hooded sweatshirt and light blue denim jeans.
The main event was the geriatric Rumble in the Tunnel at Motherwell between Rocky Boyleboa and the Brown Bomber, wee Craig.
1914: Joe Louis, heavyweight boxing champion, known as the Brown Bomber, was born in Lexington, Alabama.
pounds 88' BEST FOOT FORWARD - Brown bomber jacket pounds 35, long sleeve purple top pounds 6, beige cords pounds 15, green bag pounds 12, leopard print shoes pounds 20 all from mkone.
HE'S already Britain's longest-reigning world champion - and now Joe Calzaghe is gunning for the Brown Bomber himself, Joe Louis.
In those days, Milburn was a cipher for Tony Blair, his hand-picked great white hope who might just stop the Brown Bomber.
The Brown Bomber worked as a casino greeter and was often brought out drooling in his wheelchair to ringside just so high rollers could say they had seen him.
If I'm in the hung parliament, which looks increasingly likely, I'll vote to keep Brown in power - though on condition that he starts acting like the Brown Bomber Joe Louis rather than Primo Carnera, the big palooka with a glass jaw and no heart.