Brownfield

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Brownfield

The designation of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for existing facilities or sites that are abandoned, idled, or otherwise underused real property where expansion or redevelopment is complicated by real or perceived environmental contamination that needs to be cleaned up before the site can be used again. Examples are former dry-cleaning establishments and gas stations. The use of brownfields typically reduces land cost by using land that is less desirable. However, lower land costs must be balanced against the cost of any required remediation and possible health risks to residents. The EPA sponsors an initiative to help mitigate these health risks and return the facility or land to renewed use. Many green guidelines and standards provide points for building in brownfield areas.
References in periodicals archive ?
In fact research we published showed that brown field land is constantly coming onto the market as unexpected windfall sites replenish the supply.
About 10 per cent of all available land in Ontario cities is brown field land suitable for development, says Brent Easson, a policy and research director with the Ontario Homebuilders' Association.
Nuneaton and Bedworth said: "This council urges the city council to meet its housing needs within its own area and particularly on brown field land and at the highest densities.
THOUSANDS of homes are to be built on brown field land across the city.
It will transform the last piece of brown field land in the area.
Labour was challenged by Liberal Democrat councillors to rule out house building on the green belt, parks and public open space and garden grabbing until every inch of previously developed brown field land has been used first.
Teesside also has available brown field land and a record of industry and nature working together with organisations such as INCA - Industry and Nature Conservation Association.
The Campaign to Protect Rural England, in its report Housing the Nation: meeting the need for affordable housing, calls for: n Better use of urban land development is still at wastefully low densities, while the area of brown field land is stable.
The agency acts as the Government's specialist adviser on brown field land.
Campaigners say brown field land in the city should be developed before green belt land is considered.
The public are entitled to know just how much self-centred influence developers have had on the LDF draft core strategy, given that the proposed LDF housing 'target' is 50% higher than the average number of houses actually built per annum over the last 10 years and that the proportion of housing development Kirklees expects to be built on brown field land is almost half that proposed in Sheffield and Calderdale.
The research Halcrow carried out for the West Midlands Regional Assembly warned that Birmingham City Council needed to concentrate on reinstating floodplains rather than build on brown field land.