Brownfield

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Brownfield

The designation of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for existing facilities or sites that are abandoned, idled, or otherwise underused real property where expansion or redevelopment is complicated by real or perceived environmental contamination that needs to be cleaned up before the site can be used again. Examples are former dry-cleaning establishments and gas stations. The use of brownfields typically reduces land cost by using land that is less desirable. However, lower land costs must be balanced against the cost of any required remediation and possible health risks to residents. The EPA sponsors an initiative to help mitigate these health risks and return the facility or land to renewed use. Many green guidelines and standards provide points for building in brownfield areas.
References in periodicals archive ?
Since there is some confusion, and even trepidation, about this area, I thought it useful to discuss what brown fields mean to environmental health.
Possible beneficial uses include: final landfill cover, and capping material at brown fields, mining sites and Superfund sites.
But a comparison of the two brown fields shows many differences, and highlights the difficulty inherent in cleaning up former industrial pollution.
These factors, combined with increasingly sophisticated technology and a wealth of accumulated experience, have removed much of the uncertainty formerly associated with brown fields projects.