Brownsville


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Brownsville,

city (1990 pop. 98,962), seat of Cameron co., extreme S Tex., on the Rio Grande c.17 mi (30 km) from its mouth at the Gulf of Mexico; inc. 1850. It is an important port of entry across the river from MatamorosMatamoros,
city (1990 pop. 266,055), Tamaulipas state, NE Mexico, near the mouth of the Rio Grande, opposite Brownsville, Tex. Matamoros, linked by rail and highway with the United States, is an international trading center and a point of entry.
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, Mexico. A deepwater channel was dredged (1936) to accommodate ocean vessels; a land cut NE to the Brazos Santiago Pass, which bypasses the Rio Grande channel, is the southern terminus of the Intracoastal WaterwayIntracoastal Waterway,
c.3,000 mi (4,827 km) long, partly natural, partly artificial, providing sheltered passage for commercial and leisure boats along the U.S. Atlantic coast from Boston, Mass. to Key West, S Fla., and along the Gulf of Mexico coast from Apalachee Bay, NW Fla.
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. Brownsville is a trade, processing, and distribution point for the rich, irrigated lower Rio Grande valley; it has many industries connected with oil and natural gas. Other products include shrimp, electronic equipment, and aircraft and auto parts. The establishment of Fort Texas there by Gen. Zachary TaylorTaylor, Zachary
, 1784–1850, 12th President of the United States (1849–50), b. Orange co., Va. He was raised in Kentucky. Taylor joined the army in 1808, became a captain in 1810, and was promoted to major for his defense of Fort Harrison (1812) in the War of 1812.
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 in 1846 invited a Mexican attack that precipitated the Mexican WarMexican War,
1846–48, armed conflict between the United States and Mexico. Causes

While the immediate cause of the war was the U.S. annexation of Texas (Dec., 1845), other factors had disturbed peaceful relations between the two republics.
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. The fort was renamed (1846) for Major Jacob Brown, killed while commanding its defense. Active until 1944, Fort Brown was held briefly by Union forces in the Civil War. The town of Brownsville grew around the fort and was a cattle-shipping point in the late 19th cent. In 1906 a group of African-American soldiers stationed at Fort Brown were blamed for a night gun raid on the town that resulted in an innocent civilian's death. President Theodore Roosevelt, in a highly controversial directive, ordered the dishonorable discharge of 167 of the soldiers. In 1972 the secretary of the army reversed that order. Brownsville has an international airport, and a zoo. Nearby recreation areas include Padre Island National Seashore (see under Padre IslandPadre Island
, low, sandy island, c.115 mi (185 km) long, less than 3 mi (4.8 km) wide, S Tex. It is characterized by large, irregular sand dunes, sparse vegetation, and a strong prevailing wind off the Gulf of Mexico.
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).
References in periodicals archive ?
Space Exploration Technologies' founder Elon Musk announced this morning the strategic decision to build a site in the outskirts of Brownsville, Texas, where the company plans to launch its signature Falcon 9 rocket.
The city of Brownsville also owns water rights - 2 cubic feet per second - to ensure year-round water in the canal, which passes through a city park behind the library.
The need has grown since that time, and the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) has determined this project is critical for the reliability of the ERCOT system and, specifically, the Brownsville area.
It gives them a chance to be somebody else for a weekend," said Scaltreto, who grew up in Brownsville but moved 20 years ago to Albany, where he works as a lab technician at a manufacturing plant.
Our Brownsville plant produces 85 percent of our seafood items, so we take great pride in this certification," said Eddie De La Rosa, Plant Manager, Brownsville Manufacturing Facility.
abandoned near the Brownsville Dam, an AR-15 semiautomatic rifle was missing from inside, the sheriff's office said.
What we found over the past year was that Broadlane had much more aggressive national contracts in its portfolio and that the coverage and compliance to those contracts that the Brownsville facility had achieved was far greater than that of our facility in Harlingen," said James Eastham, chief operating officer and chief financial officer, Valley Baptist Health System.
With this project, we can finally provide the electric infrastructure necessary to serve normal demand growth and to attract new industrial customers to the Port of Brownsville.
Career Centers of Texas - Brownsville is accredited by the Accrediting Commission of Career School and Colleges of Technology (ACCSCT).
Manning and 19-year-old Ryan Craven had been drinking beer about midnight at Manning's house on rural Parker Road, northwest of Brownsville, the sheriff said.
Overall ratios are more moderate, primarily reflecting debt issued by the city of Brownsville (general obligation bonds rated 'A+' by Fitch).
BROWNSVILLE, Texas, July 26 /PRNewswire/ -- The Brownsville Navigation District (Port of Brownsville) announced that it has contracted for a preliminary feasibility study to determine its potential as a turnaround port or port of call for cruise ships, according to Donna Eymard, Deputy Port Director.