Brumaire


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Brumaire

(brümâr`), second month of the French Revolutionary calendarFrench Revolutionary calendar,
the official calendar of France, Nov. 24, 1793–Dec. 31, 1805. Its introduction was decreed by the Convention on Oct. 5, 1793, but it was computed from Sept. 22, 1792, the autumnal equinox and the day after the proclamation of the republic.
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. The coup of 18 (actually 18–19) Brumaire (Nov. 9–10, 1799), engineered chiefly by Sieyès, overthrew the DirectoryDirectory,
group of five men who held the executive power in France according to the constitution of the year III (1795) of the French Revolution. They were chosen by the new legislature, by the Council of Five Hundred and the Council of Ancients; each year one director, chosen
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 and established the ConsulateConsulate,
1799–1804, in French history, form of government established after the coup of 18 Brumaire (Nov. 9–10, 1799), which ended the Directory. Three consuls were appointed to rule France—Napoleon Bonaparte (see Napoleon I), Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès,
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 under Napoleon. It nearly failed because of Napoleon's inept conduct at the Council of Five Hundred, but the situation was saved by his brother Lucien BonaparteBonaparte
, Ital. Buonaparte , family name of Napoleon I, emperor of the French. Parentage

Napoleon's father, Carlo Buonaparte, 1746–85, a petty Corsican nobleman, was a lawyer in Ajaccio.
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
The amnesty of 4 brumaire IV completed the protection from judicial persecution afforded "terrorists" by the Convention's recent decrees.
Marx, Karl [1852]1919 The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon, translated by D.
Some even asked then if this would lead, as in the post-revolutionary France when General Bonaparte introduced a new dictatorial regime on 18th Brumaire [9 November 1799], to a new 'Eighteenth Brumaire' of Vladimir Putin?
The former socialist countries show a record which is no more encouraging, while in the only remaining superpower, we witness what Michael Hardt recently termed the 18th Brumaire of George Bush the son, as a second New World Order is born out of a 'coup d'etat within the global system'--a new 18th Brumaire, this time a repetition of father and son, not uncle and nephew, and this time on a global rather than a national scale.
As Marx famously alleged in the Eighteenth Brumaire, "Men make their own history, but they do not make it under circumstances of their own choosing.
To best understand the destructive politics of ideology, recall Marx' Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, in which he speaks of displaced, substituted cultural identities that accomplish the work of class rule on the stage of hegemony.
However much this genre has been criticized (and indeed sent up in Karl Marx's Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte), it is going to be with us forevermore.
For this 1970 live performance, two Francophones, French soprano Jacqueline Brumaire and Canadian tenor Jean Bonhomme, take the roles of the young lovers (Helene and Henri).
As a result, Burger ends up complaining that the neo-Avant-garde of the 1960s and 1970s was basically an aestheticist re-appropriation of avant-garde strategies of the teens and twenties for the sake of a booming art market and thus very different from the provocations of Dada: a kind of farcical repetition of the original Avant-garde that evokes Marx's "The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon.
Confino notes the dismantling of Marxism as a leading interpretation of history, but perhaps the past master's prologue to The 18th Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte can still help us think through how memories take shape.
11), (21) concerns Bonaparte's recent coup d'etat of 18 Brumaire.