Ferdinand Brunetière

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Brunetière, Ferdinand

 

Born July 19, 1849, in Toulon; died Dec. 9, 1906, in Paris. French critic, historian, and literary theoretician.

Brunetière was an adherent of monarchy and Catholicism. Following H. Taine, he tried to bring the methods of the natural sciences, in particular the theory of C. Darwin, to bear on the history of literature (The Evolution of Genres in the History of Literature, 1890, and others). Later, in the 1890’s, Brunetière went over to an openly idealist position, explaining the literary process by the influence of one work on another, and finding the main reason for the change of literary directions and aesthetic tastes in the artistic aspirations of the creative personality (Textbook on the History of French Literature [1898] and History of French Literature of the Classical Period, vols. 1-2, 1904-12). A devotee of 17th-century French classicism, Brunetière viewed subsequent literary currents (naturalism and others) as phenomena of artistic decline.

WORKS

Études critiques sur I’histoire de la littérature française, vols 1-9. Paris, 1880-1925.
Questions de critique, 2nd ed. Paris, 1889.
In Russian translation:
Otlichitel’nyi kharakter frantsuzskoi literatury. Odessa, 1893.
Evropeiskaia literatura XIX v. Moscow, 1900.

REFERENCES

Arsen’ev, K. K. “Novaia frantsuzskaia kritika.” Vestnik Evropy, 1887, no. 6.
Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 3. Moscow, 1959.
Curtius, E. R. F. Brunetière. Strasbourg, 1914.

V. IA. BAKHMUTSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
En temoignent les propos de Thomas Loue, qui affirme, au sujet de Ferdinand Brunetiere et de La Revue des Deux Mondes (1829-) : << En bref, il s'agit de maitriser la production des representations de soi, des normes nationales a l'etranger, de maitriser, en fait, un discours sur la "civilisation">> (p.
Nao deve ser apenas pela alusao que se registre aqui o debate entre Karl Popper e Theodor Adorno sobre "a logica das Ciencias Sociais" no encontro da Associacao Alema de Sociologia, em Tubingen, em outubro de 1961, uma vez que desde que os formalistas russos em inicios do seculo passado adotaram esquemas de leitura embasados na morfologia (Propp, 1984), isto e, nas operacoes de sintaxe narrativa ou poetica, em prejuizo das inumeras correntes criticas de feitio humanista tachadas de impressionistas e cujos grandes mestres foram Schiller, Herder, Saint-Beuve e Brunetiere, os criterios de abordagem autorizada dos textos tornaram-se uma tarefa descritiva, mais que sintetica ou interpretativa.
Joris Karl Huysman, Ferdinand Brunetiere, Charles Peguy and the young Francois Mauriac wrote articles, and / or their works were reviewed in the Dublin.
gt;> Et pareillement pour Brunetiere, qui va d'autre part jusqu'a ecrire: <<Cette grande haine de la betise humaine, cette haine qui l'a si bien servi dans Madame Bovary, mais si mal, en revanche, dans l'Education sentimentale, n'etait rien de plus que la projection de sa propre sottise, a lui, sur les choses qu'il ne pouvait comprendre.
As one might expect, the same is true of nineteenth century's great Voltaire scholars (Beuchot, Moland, Desnoiresterres, Faguet, Lanson, Brunetiere, Morize), none of whom seems even remotely aware of the homosexual dimension latent in Candide's satire.
Beasley considers numerous other commentaries in her survey, including those by Stephanie Felicite de Genlis, Ferdinand Brunetiere, Victor Cousin, and Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve.
Arnaud Brunetiere, facility manager at Valeo, said: "Tyne and Wear has a strong automotive industry and supply chain, allied to an excellent tradition in manufacturing.
42) In 1905 Ferdinand Brunetiere attacked the peace movement in the pages of La Revue des Deux Mondes, and Paul Deschanel called the pacifists' patriotism into question on the floor of the Chamber of Deputies, while radical socialist anti-militarists such as Gustave Herve were calling upon French soldiers to desert.
Brunetiere, "Les Salons de Diderot," Revue des Deux Mondes, Vol.
Brunetiere, Valerie, 1998, " L'ONISEP et la feminisation ", dans AnneMarie Houdebine-Gravaud (dir.
It was the work of a French dermatologist called Aron Brunetiere, honorary president of the French Association for Research into Skin Physiology.