Bruno, Saint

Bruno, Saint

(bro͞o`nō), 925–65, German churchman and statesman; brother and chief adviser of the first Holy Roman emperor, Otto I, whose chancellor he was from c.950. He was made (953) archbishop of Cologne and in the same year became duke of LotharingiaLotharingia
, name given to the northern portion of the lands assigned (843) to Emperor of the West Lothair I in the first division of the Carolingian empire (see Verdun, Treaty of).
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. He organized the civil service, led the revival of learning, and reformed the monasteries according to the pattern laid down by the Cluniac reform. He is also known as St. Bruno the Great. Feast: Oct. 11.

Bruno, Saint,

c.1030–1101, German monk, founder of the CarthusiansCarthusians
, small order of monks of the Roman Catholic Church [Lat. abbr.,=O. Cart.]. It was established by St. Bruno at La Grande Chartreuse (see Chartreuse, Grande) in France in 1084.
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, b. Cologne. He studied and taught at Reims. In 1084 he took six companions and founded a little monastery in the Alps, which became the mother house of the Carthusian order (see Chartreuse, GrandeChartreuse, Grande
, mountainous massif, Isère dept., SE France, in the Dauphiné Alps; Chamechaude Peak (6,847 ft/2,087 m) is the highest point. There in a high valley St.
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). In 1090, Pope Urban II, whom Bruno had taught, called him to Rome as a counselor. He died in Italy in retirement at a monastery he had founded. Feast: Oct. 6.
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