Bruno Pontecorvo


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Pontecorvo, Bruno

 

(in Russian, Bruno Maksimovich Pontekorvo). Born Aug. 22, 1913, in Pisa, Italy. Soviet physicist. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1964; corresponding member, 1958). Member of the CPSU since 1955.

After graduating from the University of Rome, Pontecorvo first worked there in E. Fermi’s group and later at the Radium Institute in Paris. In the period 1940–50 he worked in the USA, Canada, and Great Britain. In 1950, Pontecorvo moved to the USSR. That same year he joined the staff of the Institute of Nuclear Problems of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Since 1956 he has been working at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. His main works deal with the moderation of neutrons and their capture by nuclei, nuclear isomerism, the physics of weak interactions, the physics of the neutrino, and astrophysics. Pontecorvo proposed the method of neutron logging for prospecting for oil and a method of neutrino detection used in the study of the sun. He proposed the use of neutrino beams from accelerators to investigate the fundamental properties of neutrinos.

Pontecorvo received the Lenin Prize in 1963 and the State Prize of the USSR in 1954. He has also been awarded two Orders of Lenin, three other orders, and various medals.

REFERENCE

Aleksandrov, A. P. “Bruno Pontekorvo (K 60-letiiu so dnia rozhdeniia).” Uspekhi fizicheskikh nauk, 1973, vol. III, issue 1.
References in periodicals archive ?
Atomic scientist Bruno Pontecorvo vanished, prompting fears he had defected to the Soviet Union.
Half-Life; The Divided Life Of Bruno Pontecorvo, Physicist Or Spy comes from an award-winning writer who considers the mystery surrounding the physicist's sudden disappearance and reveals his involvement in passing blueprints of a nuclear reactor, stealing materials for an atomic bomb, and efforts to give the Soviets atomic secrets.
READ IT A BIOGRAPHY of physicist Bruno Pontecorvo, Half Life by Frank Close (Oneworld, PS20/ ebook PS15.
In celebration of the 100th anniversary of the birth of Italian physicist Bruno Pontecorvo, the Congress features several activities, including the showing of a film written by ICTP scientific consultant Giuseppe Mussardo and partially funded by ICTP titled "Maksimovic.
Bruno Pontecorvo, [who] fled from England to Russia in 1950 and is now a Soviet citizen, considered one of Russia's top physicists.
The Gouzenko investigation started the ball rolling that lead to Bruno Pontecorvo and Klaus Fuchs, fellow Communist physicists within the Manhattan Project who also provided invaluable aid to the Soviet Union.
The warning came after agents searched the house of Bruno Pontecorvo in 1943 and found ``numerous pamphlets and books on communism'', according to a file released by the Public Records Office under the 50-year rule.
Por ejemplo, el fisico italiano Bruno Pontecorvo fue trasladado de Inglaterra a Moscu, ya que durante los anos 40, el trabajo en un submarino sovietico militar.
I decide not to mention Bruno Pontecorvo, but instead observe offhandedly that, according to Sudoplatov, Soviet intelligence at one time conflated the identities of Oppenheimer and Enrico Fermi, listing them under the same name in secret code books.
In Sudoplatov's book there is an almost identical message, but the person who sends it is the atomic spy Bruno Pontecorvo (who defected to the Soviet Union in 1950), and the message goes to Moscow, not to Harvard.
67 YEARS AGO (1950) Atomic scientist Bruno Pontecorvo vanished, prompting fears he had defected to the Soviet Union.
EVENTS 1950: The British intelligence service is searching for the missing atomic scientist Bruno Pontecorvo who disappeared seven weeks ago.