Bruno Walter


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Walter, Bruno

 

(pseudonym of B. Schlesinger). Born Sept. 15, 1876, in Berlin; died Feb. 17, 1962, in Beverly Hills, California. German conductor and writer on music.

Walter studied at the Stern Conservatory in Berlin. From 1894 to 1896, he was concertmaster, chorus master, and conductor at the Hamburg Opera, and from 1901 to 1912, at the Vienna Court Opera. Later he directed operas in Munich (1913-22) and Berlin (from 1925). He was director of the Gewandhaus Orchestra in Leipzig from 1929 to 1933. In 1933, Walter emigrated from fascist Germany and made appearances in Western Europe and North America. From 1939 he lived in the USA. He conducted productions at the Metropolitan Opera. Walter had toured Russia (1914) and the USSR (1923 and 1927). He was famous as an interpreter of Mozart, Mahler, and Verdi, and was the author of books on Mozart, Mahler, and others. Walter also wrote two symphonies and other works.

WORKS

Von den moralischen Kräften der Musik. Vienna, 1935.
Gustav Mahler, 2nd ed. Berlin, 1957.
Theme and Variations: An Autobiography. London, 1947.
Vom Mozart der Zauberflöte. Frankfurt am Main, 1955.
In Russian translation:
“Fragmenty iz avtobiografii.” Sovetskaia muzyka, 1958, nos. 9 and 10.
“O muzyke i muzitsirovanii” [1957]. In the collection Ispolnitel’- skoe iskusstvo zarubezhnykh stran, [issue] 1. Moscow, 1962.

REFERENCES

Gavoty, B. B. Walter. Geneva, 1956.
Holde, A. B. Walter. Berlin, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
Most of his close male friends were Jews--victor Adler, Guido Adler, Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer--all of whom converted.
Kater sheds light on the soprano's other associations, including those with Frances Holden, her long time companion; Bruno Walter, whom she considered a mentor; and her famous students Marilyn Horne and Grace Bumbry.
I don't think my extremely positive opinion of how Bruno Walter conducted this symphony matters much.
Mahler, too, told Bruno Walter, concerning rhythmical difficulties in the finale: "Have you any idea how this is to be conducted?
So did Otto Klemperer - who wrote six symphonies and nine string quartets - and Bruno Walter.
Aged thirty-four, he bailed up his disciple Bruno Walter with this adolescent monologue: "Whence do we come?
A paddywagon and eight officers in riot gear showed up on Day 2 to control the crowd of 400 Lined up in front of Lincoln Center's Bruno Walter Auditorium to see Euripides' "Electra" with Marisa Tomei and Kathleen Chalfant.
Historical materials from the most comprehensive orchestra archives in the world will range from the letters of Leonard Bernstein to the first-edition score of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony, from the earliest known radio broadcast of a symphony orchestra (1923) to interviews with Bruno Walter.
Afortunadamente, antes de 1938 lograron salir o fueron expulsados miles de intelectuales y artistas judios y no judios, entre los que se contaban musicos de la talla de Schonberg, Alban Berg, Hindemith, Krenek, Kurt Weil, Fritz y Adolf Busch, Feuermann, Artur Schnabel, Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Erich Kleiber y muchos mas.
Other identities are still in place from before: the Katherine Cornell-Guthrie McClintic Reading Room, the Billy Rose Theatre Collection, the Rodgers & Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound, the Vincent Astor Gallery, the Bruno Walter Auditorium, the Lucille Lortel Room, and the Donald and Mary Oenslager Gallery.
To be comprehensive, he has to include well-known incidents (for instance, those involving Bruno Walter, Fritz Busch, Furtwaengler, and Hindemith) and institutional developments (such as the establishment of a Reich Music Chamber, the role of the Hitler Youth, education, the Protestant Church, and so on) at the risk of being repetitive.
He was uniquely ours, a kid from Boston who in 1943, at 25, stepped in for the quintessentially European Bruno Walter to lead the New York Philharmonic in an electrifying performance; who at 40 became that orchestra's first American music director; who, without forsaking Beethoven and while reviving Mahler, chamPioned Aaron Copland, Charles Ives and other neglected American composers - all the while bestowing on us his own symphonies, ballets, operas, film scores and the thrilling Broadway rhythms and syncopations of West Side Story.