Bruno Walter

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Walter, Bruno


(pseudonym of B. Schlesinger). Born Sept. 15, 1876, in Berlin; died Feb. 17, 1962, in Beverly Hills, California. German conductor and writer on music.

Walter studied at the Stern Conservatory in Berlin. From 1894 to 1896, he was concertmaster, chorus master, and conductor at the Hamburg Opera, and from 1901 to 1912, at the Vienna Court Opera. Later he directed operas in Munich (1913-22) and Berlin (from 1925). He was director of the Gewandhaus Orchestra in Leipzig from 1929 to 1933. In 1933, Walter emigrated from fascist Germany and made appearances in Western Europe and North America. From 1939 he lived in the USA. He conducted productions at the Metropolitan Opera. Walter had toured Russia (1914) and the USSR (1923 and 1927). He was famous as an interpreter of Mozart, Mahler, and Verdi, and was the author of books on Mozart, Mahler, and others. Walter also wrote two symphonies and other works.


Von den moralischen Kräften der Musik. Vienna, 1935.
Gustav Mahler, 2nd ed. Berlin, 1957.
Theme and Variations: An Autobiography. London, 1947.
Vom Mozart der Zauberflöte. Frankfurt am Main, 1955.
In Russian translation:
“Fragmenty iz avtobiografii.” Sovetskaia muzyka, 1958, nos. 9 and 10.
“O muzyke i muzitsirovanii” [1957]. In the collection Ispolnitel’- skoe iskusstvo zarubezhnykh stran, [issue] 1. Moscow, 1962.


Gavoty, B. B. Walter. Geneva, 1956.
Holde, A. B. Walter. Berlin, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
I don't think my extremely positive opinion of how Bruno Walter conducted this symphony matters much.
Bruno Walter, who worked with Mahler, was known to gallop through in seven minutes, while the slowest is said to be 13 minutes.
Because first of all I started on the last desk at the Vienna Philharmonic, then to the first desk, the first leader (at a very young age), and my luck was really that I could still see the old generation whom I admired very much: Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, all those great, great people: I was lucky enough, when I was very, very young, to play under them.
I'm much more likely to put on Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Bernard Haitink, Yoel Levi, Leonard Bernstein, or Georg Solti, just to name a few before I play this one again.
Bruno was not happy about changing his name, but he gave in to pressure; he remained Bruno Walter ever since.
Each is renowned--Gaisberg for his intrepid recording of Caruso in a Milan hotel room in 1902 and for recording Chaliapin, John McCormack, Mischa Elman, Kreisler, Schnabel and Casals, not to mention two great recordings made just before World War II, the Dvorak Cello concerto with Casals, Szell, and the Czech Philharmonic, and a still inimitable Mahler Ninth with Bruno Walter and the Vienna Philharmonic.
My musical education was further advanced by Tudor's Dark Elegies, performed to the recording of Mahler's Kindertotenlieder by Kathleen Ferrier and Bruno Walter.
In a letter to Bruno Walter in 1943, he wrote of his beloved grandchild Frido, who, he said, has a "clumsy tongue" that speaks the truth: "When he has had enough of anything, or wants to console himself because there is no more of it, he says: 'habt' ('had').
14 he substituted for guest conductor Bruno Walter and led the orchestra through its entire program in a nationally broadcast concert at Carnegie Hall.
The 1,865 seat Deutsche Oper, at which Toronto native Yves Abel is Principal Guest Conductor and where Robert Carsen's Macbeth premiered this June, has a storied past, counting Bruno Walter, Ferenc Fricsay, Lorin Maazel and Christian Thielemann among its former music directors.
12 Gates to the City -- Meeting the Mentors (1939--1943) Filling in for Bruno Walter, Bernstein becomes the first American-born conductor to lead a New York Philharmonic subscription concert.
This chapter depicts how Mischakoff was routinely in the professional company of composers and conductors such as Richard Strauss, Bruno Walter, George Szell, Howard Hanson, and Fritz Reiner.