Léon Brunschvicg

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Brunschvicg, Léon

 

Born Nov. 10, 1869, in Paris; died there Feb. 18, 1944. French philosopher. Representative of so-called critical rationalism. From 1909 a professor at the Sorbonne.

Brunschvicg asserted the need to introduce the scientific method into philosophy in The Modality of Judgment (1897). However, for Brunschvicg, who had been influenced by the transcendental idealism of I. Kant, the scientific method (science) was the activity of reason, which is independent of the objective world, and which itself establishes the principles of its movement. These ideas were set forth in Introduction to the Life of the Spirit (1900). Brunschvicg, furthermore, was naively and optimistically convinced that the development of scientific knowledge ensures moral progress. According to Brunschvicg, reason, which gradually passes from direct perception of the external traits of reality to an ever more profound knowledge of its essence, also has an ethical function, leading toward refinement of conscience and recognition of moral autonomy as well as other spiritual values.

WORKS

Les Progrès de la conscience dans la philosophic occidentale. Paris, 1927.
Les Étapes de la philosophic mathématique, 3rd ed. Paris, 1929.
La Raison et la religion. Paris, 1939.

REFERENCE

Deschoux, M. La Philosophic de L. Brunschvicg. Paris, 1949.
References in periodicals archive ?
20) En el Vocabulaire de la philosophie de Lalande (PUF), Brunschvicg define asi el termino: "El idealismo sostiene que la metafisica se reduce a la teoria del conocimiento.
Gueroult, quien no pretende rebatir la argumentacion de Wolfson, sino la de Brunschvicg (67), definio como inaceptable la tesis de este, por "contradecir el concepto spinoziano de entendimiento" (68).
John Duncan has done an excellent job of demonstrating how this fascination with contingency marked every stage of Sartre's philosophical development, from his study of Nietzsche under Leon Brunschvicg in the mid-1920s onward.
Segun Brunschvicg, citado por Gonzalez Gilmas (2004, pag.
Heidegger, publicado em Paris no ano de 1930, o qual foi prefaciado pelo filosofo Leon Brunschvicg, com quem Gaston Bachelard mantinha constantes dialogos intelectuais.
Brunschvicg, Leon, La filosofia matematica de Augusto Comte, en Las etapas de la filosofia matematica, Lautaro, Buenos Aires, 1945.
a cura di Leon Brunschvicg, Paris, Hachette, 1897, 1904, 1925 e Flammarion, 1976: pensiero no 143; ediz.
No hay que olvidar que el libro de Montaigne fue considerado por Brunschvicg "el libro mas original del mundo"; si me resisto a llamar a todos esos tratados, informes de investigacion y articulos de toda laya ensayos, es porque no encuentro en ellos los rasgos que hicieron del libro de Montaigne el libro mas original del mundo.
There are also significant anticipations of Badiou's position in certain pre-WWII philosophers of mathematics, for instance Leon Brunschvicg, and the philosopher and resistance fighter Albert Lautman, who sought in his "Essay on the Mathematical Notions of Structure and Existence" to undertake a "positive study of mathematical reality," drawing on the results of Godel and the metalogical methods suggested by Hilbert's formalist program.
L'auteur des articles est Cecile Brunschvicg, une figure importante du mouvement feministe francais du debut du XXe siecle.
Brunschvicg (1929) dice que Helmholtz fundamenta la teoria de las operaciones aritmeticas sin recurrir a la intuicion (intuicionismo) ni tampoco tiene en cuenta las teorias logicas de las construcciones numericas, pues no hace alusion a la idea de coleccion de unidades homogeneas.