Brutus


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Brutus

(bro͞o`təs), in ancient Rome, a surname of the Junian gens. Lucius Junius Brutus, fl. 510 B.C., was the founder of the Roman republic. He feigned idiocy to escape death at the hands of Lucius Tarquinius Superbus (see under TarquinTarquin
[Etruscan,=lord], in Roman tradition, an Etruscan family that ruled Rome. According to the historian Livy, when the rule of the Bacchiadae in Corinth was overthrown (c.657 B.C.
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). Roman historians tell how he led the Romans in expelling the Tarquins after the rape of Lucrece, how he became one of the first praetors (there were no consuls), and how he executed his sons for plotting a Tarquinian restoration. Decimus Junius Brutus Gallaecus, fl. 138 B.C., consul, consolidated the province of Farther Spain and stopped the encroaching Lusitanian tribespeople. Marcus Junius Brutus, d. c.77 B.C., was a partisan of LepidusLepidus
, family of the ancient Roman patrician gens Aemilia. Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, d. 152 B.C., was a consul in 187 and 175 B.C., a censor in 179 B.C., and pontifex maximus [high priest] from 180 B.C.
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 (d. 77 B.C.) in the struggle with CatulusCatulus
, family of ancient Rome, of the Lutatian gens. Caius Lutatius Catulus was consul in 242 B.C. He won the great Roman naval victory over Carthage off the Aegates (modern Aegadian Isles) that ended the First Punic War. Quintus Lutatius Catulus, d. 87 B.C.
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 (d. 60 B.C.); PompeyPompey
(Cnaeus Pompeius Magnus) , 106 B.C.–48 B.C., Roman general, the rival of Julius Caesar. Sometimes called Pompey the Great, he was the son of Cnaeus Pompeius Strabo (consul in 89 B.C.), a commander of equivocal reputation.
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 had him murdered. His wife Servilia was the half-sister of Cato the Younger. Their son was Marcus Junius Brutus, 85? B.C.–42 B.C. He and Caius Cassius Longinus (see under CassiusCassius
, ancient Roman family. There were a number of well-known members. Spurius Cassius Viscellinus, d. c.485 B.C., seems to have been consul several times. In 493 B.C. he negotiated a treaty establishing equal military assistance between Rome and the Latin cities.
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) were the principal assassins of Julius CaesarCaesar, Julius
(Caius Julius Caesar), 100? B.C.–44 B.C., Roman statesman and general. Rise to Power

Although he was born into the Julian gens, one of the oldest patrician families in Rome, Caesar was always a member of the democratic or popular party.
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. He had sided with Pompey, but after the battle of PharsalusPharsalus
, ancient city, Thessaly, Greece. Near there in 48 B.C., Julius Caesar decisively defeated Pompey, who had a much larger force. Lucan's Bellum Civile (often called Pharsalia) is an epic of the civil war.
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, Caesar pardoned him, made him governor of Cisalpine Gaul (46 B.C.), and, in 44 B.C., urban praetor. Nevertheless, he joined Cassius in the plot against Caesar. After the murder of Caesar, Brutus went east and, in the republican cause, joined Cassius and held Macedonia with him. Late in 42 B.C., Octavian (later AugustusAugustus
, 63 B.C.–A.D. 14, first Roman emperor, a grandson of the sister of Julius Caesar. Named at first Caius Octavius, he became on adoption by the Julian gens (44 B.C.) Caius Julius Caesar Octavianus (Octavian); Augustus was a title of honor granted (27 B.C.
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) and Antony arrived, and a battle was fought at Philippi. When it went against the republicans, Brutus committed suicide. Brutus' wife Portia was the daughter of Cato the Younger. Brutus had a contemporary reputation as a Stoic philosopher, and his admirers have regarded him as a second Cato, driven reluctantly to commit murder in order to save the republic. His detractors, on the other hand, have considered his friendship with the self-seeking Cassius as indicative of his true character. A lesser member of the conspiracy was Decimus Junius Brutus, d. 43 B.C., a partisan of Caesar against Pompey and a favorite of the dictator. Caesar gave him command in Gaul and appointed him to be his heir in case of Octavian's death. After Caesar's death, Brutus refused to surrender Cisalpine Gaul. In 43 B.C., Antony, to whom the senate had assigned the province, besieged Brutus at Mutina (modern Modena). He tried to escape and was killed.

Brutus,

legendary founder of the British race: see BrutBrut,
 Brute
, or Brutus
, a Trojan, legendary founder of the British race, descendant of Aeneas. His story appears in Nennius and in Geoffrey of Monmouth, and his name gives the titles to long poems by Wace and Layamon.
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.

Brutus

conspirator and assassin of Julius Caesar. [Br. Lit.: Julius Caesar]

Brutus

plotted against Caesar with Cassius and Casca. [Br. Lit.: Julius Caesar]

Brutus

1. Lucius Junius . late 6th century bc, Roman statesman who ousted the tyrant Tarquin (509) and helped found the Roman republic
2. Marcus Junius ?85--42 bc, Roman statesman who, with Cassius, led the conspiracy to assassinate Caesar (44): committed suicide after being defeated by Antony and Octavian (Augustus) at Philippi (42)
References in periodicals archive ?
While Brutus (Bradley Walsh) holds the fort at El Baro, Woody (Kayvan Novak) does most of the detective work, running rings round the locals in different disguises.
Cass became Brutus early in his college years and was able to represent his school and support his team at the 2002 National Championship game and the 2003 Fiesta Bowl.
As Rome devolved into autocratic rule, Caesar and his henchman Mark Antony stifled dissenters and used violence for political ends, while despising senators like Cato, Cicero and Brutus, whose fiery speeches spoke truth to power.
During the meeting, Foreign Minister Brutus made a presentation in which he summarized the evolution of the Haitian political situation with respect to the organization of legislative and municipal elections, from the beginning of the term of President Michel Martelly in May 2011 to the present.
Auto Business News-November 8, 2013--Caterham launches Brutus 750 and two other electric two-wheelers at EICMA(C)1994-2013 ENPublishing - http://www.
Cassius helps or encourages Brutus to murder Caesar.
The BRUTUS line headlines a strategic alliance between Polaris and Bobcat, one which combines Polaris' expertise in engineering industry-best utility vehicles with Bobcat's unmatched experience in work vehicle technology and attachments.
Ancient historians mostly agree on the basic facts of the assassination: a conspiracy of around 60 Roman senators that called themselves liberators, who counted among their numbers Marcus Junius Brutus the Younger.
The leader is played by Jeffery Kissoon, with Paterson Joseph as Marcus Brutus, Ray Fearon as Mark Antony and Cyril Nri as Cassius embroiled in what is a sweaty, testosterone-fuelled all-action, though not particularly bloody, showdown.
Brutus the tabby tom cat has become quite the celebrity with regular shoppers at Morrisons in Saltney and can be found lounging in the shop's foyer almost every day.
The Story of Brutus: My Life with Brutus the Bear and the Grizzlies of North America" is a memoir and wildlife discussion book from Casey Anderson as he shares his life of working with grizzly bears in North America through animal rescue, and how his rescue of Brutus, a particular North American Grizzly, seeks to educate the world and advocate their preservation.