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Several species of bryozoans (phylum Bryozoa), tunicates (subphylum Urochordata), and estuarine algae also were growing on retrieved DCPs.
Macrofouling in unidirectional flow: miniature pipes as experimental models for studying the interaction of flow and surface characteristics on the attachment of barnacle, bryozoan and polychaete larvae.
Scientists analyzed of the 59 bryozoan species and found no significant change in body length.
Colour: Ground colour yellowish white to pale orange, commonly buff; frequently with spots and blotches of a deeper shade beneath suture and at periphery; basal cords often spotted with dark brown; occasional specimens almost entirely pink with deeper pink markings; intritacalx deposit generally cream-yellow, only visible in the freshest specimens; shell frequently encrusted with bryozoans, sponges, tubicolous worms and encrusting Foraminifera.
An accurate field study has revealed brachiopod, separate rugose and colonial coral, bryozoan, crinoids and cephalopod macrofossil frequency;.
Juveniles at the Caney River consumed bryozoans and annelids; neither was previously documented as food for the species.
Gravel deposits in the creek primarily consist of siliceous lithologies including chert, jasper, geodes, agate, and silicified fossils such as bryozoans, crinoids, corals, brachiopods, and rare cephalopods and trilobites.
All of the experimental and control coatings examined were heavily fouled with barnacles, but also included a variety of arborescent and encrusting bryozoans, oysters, sponge and calcareous and soft tubeworms.
There were also some fragments of hard parts from ocean-dwelling creatures called bryozoans.
The flora and fauna of this shale is dominated by the microfossil groups foraminifera, radiolaria, diatoms, and macrofossil groups like filamentous algae, cetaceans, sirenians, pinnipeds, fish, birds, ostracod crustaceans, bivalves, gastropods, bryozoans, polychaetes, leaves, and woody plant debris (Buckeridge & Finger 2001).
Figure 8 Semantic Feature Relationship Chart Important Ideas Type of Life Location Extinct Not Important Plant Animal Sea Land Lakes Extinct Extinct Words Trilobites Crinoids Giant cats Coral Bryozoans Guide fossils Dinosaurs Fresh water fish Brachiopods Small horses Ferns Enormous wined bugs Trees Key: + = positive relationship; -- = negative relationship; 0 = non relationship; ?
The Kukruse Stage contains the richest and most diverse macrofauna in the Ordovician of Estonia, with more than 330 species recorded, mainly bryozoans, brachiopods, and trilobites (Roomusoks 1970; Hints 1997).