Bubastis


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Bubastis

(byo͞obăs`tĭs), ancient city, NE Egypt, in the Nile delta, near the modern Zagazig. Capital of Egypt in the XXII and XXIII dynasties, it began to decline after the second Persian conquest (343 B.C.). Bubastis was the center of the worship of the lion-headed (or cat-headed) goddess Bast. In the time of Herodotus it had an annual Saturnalia, an orgiastic festival honoring the god SaturnSaturn,
in Roman religion and mythology, god of harvests, later identified with the Greek Kronos. Little is known of the origins of his cult. His reign was regarded as the Golden Age. He was the husband of Ops and the father of Jupiter, Juno, Ceres, Pluto, and Neptune.
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. As Pi-beseth, Bubastis is mentioned in Ezek. 30.17. Excavations were made in 1886, 1887, and 1906. Among the finds were a chapel of the VI dynasty (proving that the site dates back to the Old Kingdom) and a great temple built in the 8th cent. B.C.
References in periodicals archive ?
The alert reader will have noticed that Livingstone has omitted the references to Bubastis and Sais--both ancient Egyptian settlements situated on the Nile Delta--preferring to replace such obscure references (which might well be lost on modern readers) by using "towns and hamlets" instead.
The signs presumably record the provenance of different commodities since they seem to denote royal estates, administrative institutions and places such as Buto and Bubastis in the Nile Delta.
I can signal out the Piankhy (or Piye) stela, a perennial favorite of many, not the least owing to its grandiosity and length, as well as the crucial Bubastis material of Osorkon II.
Female cats were the sacred animal of Bastet, the goddess of love and joy, and the patron goddess of the city of Bubastis in the Nile Delta.
53-65), suggests a reconstruction of a Hathor pillar hall at Bubastis, incorporating in situ material as well as objects in museum collections.
permanent furnaces attached to temples for this purpose have been excavated at Tanis and possibly at Bubastis.