Some symptoms, such as the presence of buboes
in chancreid infection or venereal lymphogranuloma, might require another type of management in addition to pharmacological management in order to prevent the complications arising from lymphadenopathy (94, 95).
Septicemic plague without buboes
, found in the blood;
pestis quickly spread to lymph nodes (usually in the groin, axilla, or neck) and become hot, hemorrhagic, swollen, and tender (black buboes
for which the disease is named).
Bubonic plague, the form transmitted by fleas, is so named due to the large oval buboes
formed at the lymph node near the flea bite (such as in the groin or the armpit).
One week later and my buboes
have all but disappeared, although I'm none the wiser as to why they arrived in the first place.
Only about a sixth of the contemporary sources studied by Cohn mention skin disorders ("spots" or boils), but large buboes
, generally in the groin area where fleas bite, are the typical sign of modern plague.
Victims knew they had contracted the disease as buboes
, or grossly swollen lymph nodes, clearly manifest themselves in most cases.
A diagnosis of bubonic plague is supported by the appalling mortality rate and the disease's ability to sustain its virulence through the winter, but the lack of the necessary population density or any mention of the characteristic buboes
weaken this case significantly.
The bacteria enter the lymph nodes in the neck and groin, causing swelling known as buboes
, fever, exhaustion, headache, chilis, vomiting and diarrhoea.
The bubonic bacillus, Yersinia pestis, carried by flea vectors on rats and other fur-bearing rodent-like animals, upon infecting humans makes its way into the lymphatic system, causing the lymph nodes to bulge and form dark pustular buboes
(hence our colloquial term boo-boo, used to describe childhood injuries).
Years later, he would recall "the charnel-house atmosphere of draining buboes
, gonorrhea, prostate massages, daily short-arm inspections, locomotor ataxia, and the howls of poor sinners in the clutch of terminal paresis.
10) That it was indeed bubonic plague whose course we can thus trace, rather than one of the other epidemic diseases current in this period, is proved by the three writers, Procopius, Gregory of Tours and Paul the Deacon, who describe the characteristic plague buboes
, the large hard swellings of the groin and other lymphatic glands, which marked out its victims.