The famous and well-documented life and death of Michael Sattler, friend and dialogue partner to Martin Bucer
from Strasbourg and former Benedictine prior and author of the first Anabaptist Confession of Faith of Schleitheim, (4) illustrates well the essence of the Anabaptist dissent.
In this respect, she calls attention to a defense of "honest playing" written by Martin Bucer
1) This includes the Sarum litany for Rogation Monday (similar to the present Roman Catholic Litany of the Saints); an eighth-century litany from the pontifical of Egbert, Archbishop of York; a medieval litany from Germany revised by Luther in 1528 or 1529 (published in both German and Latin); a German litany drawn up in 1543 by Phillip Melancthon and Martin Bucer
for a prayer book commissioned by Archbishop Hermann of Cologne; the litany in Marshall's Primer of 1535; the 5th volume of a collection by Genricus Canisuius entitled Antiquae Lectiones (including litanies of Ratpertus and Notker); and certain Greek litanies originating in the Orthodox Church.
One scholar has argued persuasively that the linking of Spirit and Word to sanctification came from the Reformed theology of Martin Bucer
, but that Stephan Gardner had said that the link could also represent transubstantiation.
The early Reformers learnt from the mystery and saints plays about the popular appeal of dramatized theology, and Protestants such as Theodore de Beze, Martin Bucer
, John Bale, and John Foxe all embraced the stage as a means for promulgating the Gospel and polemical dialogists invested their form with dramatic potential.
is regarded by both Lutherans and the Reformed as a doctor of the church.
As Muller writes, "Luther, Zwingli, Bucer
, and other early Reformers saw a host of abuses and nonscriptural doctrinal accretions in the practices and teachings of the church.
Avis observes that although Luther tended to make a sweeping distinction between the law and the gospel, which implied that no part of Mosaic law applied to Christians, subsequent reformers, such as Zwingli, Bucer
, Calvin, and Bullinger, generally took the view that moral laws of the old covenant were binding on Christians insofar as they reflected natural laws incumbent on all people (152-65).
This time it was by Martin Bucer
in Strasbourg; he came armed with the story of Jonah and urged Calvin not to flee from the task set before him by God.
For an enlightening summary of the various scholastic schools on the matter, see Nicholas Thompson, Eucharistic Sacrifice and Patristic Tradition in the Theology of Martin Bucer
, 1534-46 (Boston: Brill, 2005), 33-72.
This Anabaptist "Antimanifest," drawing on Balthasar Hubmaier's Der Uralten unnd gar neuen Leerem Urteil and perhaps some other collection of statements (possibly even the Martelaers Spiegel der werelos Christensen of 1631), quotes Eusebius, Tertullian, Origen, Ambrose, Chrysostom, and, among writers of the Reformation era, Erasmus, Luther, Zwingli, Carlstadt, Bucer
, Oecolampad, Hubmaier, and Franck (180-196).
His chapter on the reforming agenda of urban reformers like Ulrich Zwingli, Martin Bucer
, and John Calvin, stresses that, similar to Luther, these theologians were engaged in a common effort to make Europe more Christian (70, 71), especially by preaching a Christianity in which faith necessarily issued forth in works (86).