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, Bucovina
a region of E central Europe, part of the NE Carpathians: the north was seized by the Soviet Union (1940) and later became part of Ukraine; the south remained Romanian



the historical name of a territory which formed a part of present-day Chernovtsy Oblast, Ukrainian SSR and the district of Suceava of the Socialist Republic of Rumania. The name is derived from the forests of beech [in Russian, buk] that covered a large part of the territory.

Northern Bucovina was inhabited during the first millennium by the East Slav tribes of Tivertsy and White Croats. At the present time the population of Northern Bucovina consists primarily of Ukrainians and Russians. Bucovina was part of Kievan Rus’ from the tenth to the 12th centuries and part of the principality of Galicia-Volhynia from the 13th to the first half of the 14th centuries. In the 14th century it went over to the principality of Moldavia, from the early 16th century to 1774 it came under the rule of the Turks, and later it formed a part of Austria-Hungary until 1918. Part of Northern Bucovina was transferred to Russia as a result of the Bucharest Peace Treaty (1812). Northern Bucovina was closely associated with the Ukraine. The peasantry sided with Bogdan Khmel’nitskii during the Ukrainian people’s war for freedom in 1648-54. In the 1840’s a revolt led by L. Kobyiytsa occurred in Northern Bucovina. The Revolution of 1848 forced the Austrian government to abolish serfdom. The living conditions, however, remained barely tolerable; between 1901 and 1910 approximately 50,000 people, chiefly Ukrainians, emigrated.

The Revolution of 1905-07 in Northern Bucovina caused an expansion of the revolutionary movement and an increase in Bolshevik influence. Northern Bucovina was also caught up in the Great October Socialist Revolution. On Nov. 3, 1918, the Bucovina People’s Veche decided to reunite Northern Bucovina with the Soviet Ukraine and, on the same day, elected a provisional Central Committee of the Communist Party of Bucovina, headed by S. Kaniuk. Rumanian troops occupied Northern Bucovina in November 1918. In 1940, by an arrangement with Rumania, Northern Bucovina was returned to the USSR and reunited with the Ukrainian SSR, whereupon the territory became the Chernovtsy Oblast. During the Great Patriotic War underground Party and Komsomol organizations and partisan detachments were active in Northern Bucovina. In March and April 1944, Northern Bucovina was liberated from the fascist German troops by the Soviet Army.

Southern Bucovina was the home in ancient times of Walachians and Slavs. Today the area is inhabited primarily by Rumanians. In the 12th and 13th centuries it formed part of the principality of Galicia-Volhynia, and in the 14th century it became a center for the formation of the feudal principality of Moldavia. In the early 16th century it fell under Turkish rule, and from 1774 to 1918 it formed part of the Austrian Empire. In 1918 it became part of Rumania, where it was one of the most economically backward regions. After the liberation of Southern Bucovina by the Soviet Army in 1944 and the establishment of people’s rule in the territory, Southern Bucovina was transformed into an industrial and agrarian region of the Socialist Republic of Rumania.


Kompaniets, I. I. Stanovyshche i borot’ba trudiashchykh mas Hal’chyny, Bukovyny ta Zakarpattia no pochatku XX st. (1900-1919 roky). Kiev, 1960.
Grygorenko, O. S. Bukovyna vchora i s’’ ohodni. Kiev, 1967.


References in periodicals archive ?
In the new political context after the union of Bucovina with the Old Kingdom in 1918, the politician from Bucovina pleads in favour of accepting the birth of a new state after the Unification on 1918, profoundly different from an extended Old Kingdom.
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in the provinces Bucovina et Basarabia the situation was similar with thatof the central level, but the local administration was organised with some different appellatives: resorts, for Ardeal and Banat; secretariats in Bucovina; and directorats in Basarabia.
115/1938 on the application of acquisitive prescription in Transilvania and Bucovina.
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The most important event of this week of waiting was the arrival of a delegation from Transylvania and Bucovina, which came to declare that their land is the same with the Old Kingdome, mother country, under whose wings they always hoped to unite together"".
Thus, Stere envisages the introduction of a new level, the provincial one, within the administrative-territorial organisation of the Kingdom of Greater Romania, namely: Wallachia, Moldova, Transylvania (along with the Banat and Hungarian parts), Bessarabia, Bucovina and Dobrogea.
Written in 1958 and published in German as Kindheit: Fragment einer Autobiographie in 2003, the memoir of poet Moses Rosenkranz (1904-2003) contains recollections of a rural childhood, from birth to age 15, lived among Jews, Ukrainians, Romanians, Poles, and Germans in the Austro-Hungarian province of Bucovina.
It offers a four-night trip to Bucharest from pounds 564 pp including flights and transfers plus a tour of Moldavia, with its high alpine pastures, the heritage-listed Painted Churches of southern Bucovina and the city's fortified, orthodox monasteries.