Buganda


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Related to Buganda: Bunyoro

Buganda,

kingdom, E Africa: see BagandaBaganda
, also called Ganda, the largest ethnic group in Uganda. Bagandas comprise about 17% of the population and have the country's highest standard of living and literacy rate. Their traditional homeland is Buganda, an area of central and southern Uganda.
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; UgandaUganda
, officially Republic of Uganda, republic (2005 est. pop. 27,269,000), 91,133 sq mi (236,036 sq km), E central Africa. It borders on Tanzania and Rwanda in the south, on Congo (Kinshasa) in the west, on South Sudan in the north, and on Kenya in the east.
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Buganda

 

a state in Africa that apparently came into existence in the southern part of present-day Uganda in the 15th century. The Baganda people were the main ethnic group. Until the late 18th century, Buganda was dependent on the Unyoro (Bunyoro) state. In the 19th century, particularly during the reign of Mutesa I (c. 1860-84), Buganda became a powerful state; by the mid-19th century it had subjugated the states of Unyoro and Ankole. The system of feudal property relations began to take shape in the 18th century. Slavery also existed; it was patriarchal in nature. The majority of the population was made up of free peasant commune members (bataka). In addition, there were other categories of the dependent population, which had definite obligations to the feudal lords. Agriculture was the population’s major occupation; handicrafts became highly developed. The ruler of Buganda (the kabaka) was the supreme military commander and the highest judicial authority and priest. All the land was at his disposal. There was also a parliament (the lukiko), presided over by a speaker (the katikiro). Buganda was divided into provinces headed by bazasas. The priesthood played a very prominent role.

Buganda became a British possession in 1890. In 1900 it became part of the Uganda protectorate. After Uganda became independent in 1962, Buganda enjoyed a certain autonomy. In 1963, Kabaka Mutesa II was elected the first president of Uganda. In February 1966 the kabaka, who had led the ruling feudal-bourgeois clique’s opposition to national progressive forces, was removed from his post as president. In May 1966 a reactionary revolt broke out in Buganda; the revolt was suppressed. Mutesa II fled to England. The new constitution of Uganda, adopted in September 1967, proclaimed Uganda a unitary republic and ended Buganda’s autonomous status.

REFERENCES

Roscoe, J. The Baganda: An Account of Their Native Customs and Beliefs. London, 1911.
Irstam, T. The King of Ganda. Stockholm, 1944.

A. S. ORLOVA

Buganda

a region of Uganda: a powerful Bantu kingdom from the 17th century
References in periodicals archive ?
However, the Buganda Kingdom was almost ruined forever when Uganda's first post-independence Prime Minister Milton Obote (later president) abolished it in 1966, almost destroying its palaces as well as one of the world's biggest royal mausoleums in the world--the Kasubi tombs, which reportedly date back to the 13th century and are the revered burial ground of the Kingdom's Kabakas (kings).
The image of Apolo Kivebulaya so gripped by Kaggwa's history of Buganda kings--the first of a number of Kaggwa's books that drew upon the history and customs of the Ganda--that he was unable to put the book down suggests that he was imbibing ideas on nationhood and good citizenship; such ideas drew on a contemporary Ganda and Christian interpretation of the past in order to steer a progressive course to Christian modernity.
of Wisconsin at Madison) explores the history of Buganda (an African kingdom lying on the northern shores of Lake Victoria in present-day Uganda) through analysis of oral clan histories, bringing to the fore previously neglected historical actors in a field long dominated by dynastic histories, specifically spirit mediums, public healers, and other wielders of authority on the local level.
6) On February 24, 1966, President Milton Obote of Uganda modified the 1962 Constitution, which gave certain privileges to the Baganda, the largest single ethnic group of Uganda and residents of the region known as Buganda.
Koelle's records of recently manumitted slaves in Sierra Leone, Michael Tuck's chapter on women and enslavement in 19th century Buganda explores recently unearthed records of baptism of ex slaves from the Mill Hill Fathers mission.
Those killed were among a crowd, which was stopping the guards to enter where the tombs are located," Lubega Segona, the minister of information for the Buganda kingdom, was quoted as saying by the Associated Press news agency.
The Buganda of eastern Central African Republic have one of the largest pantheons, with 20 or more deities.
In 1894, the Kingdom of Buganda was placed under a formal British protectorate.
The author's attention is centered largely on the missions and their imperial relationships so that indigenous agency is largely passed over (the Buganda Mission is the major exception).
Violence broke out in Kampala on Thursday, triggered by land and power disputes between the government and leaders of Buganda -- one of the east African country s four ancient kingdoms.
Again in 1961, many Buganda Catholics "turned a deaf ear" to Archbishop Kiwanuka's letter against the traditionalist-tinted political party Kabaka Yekka (which literally means Kabaka alone
The study followed the evolution of the songs, drama, and dances created by the women of the Buganda region in their women's club activities and shows how they are a medium that allows a great deal of participatory creativity for social change.