Bukovina


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Bukovina

(bo͞okəvē`nə), Rom. Bucovina, Ukr. Bukovyna, historic region of E Europe, in SW Ukraine and NE Romania. Traversed by the Carpathian Mts. and the upper Prut and Siretul rivers, it is heavily forested [Bukovina means "beechwood" in Romanian] and produces timber, textiles, grain, and livestock. Salt is produced in quantity; other mineral resources include manganese, iron, and copper. ChernivtsiChernivtsi
, Ger. Czernowitz, Romanian Cernauţi, Rus. Chernovtsy, city (1989 pop. 257,000), capital of Chernivtsi region, SW Ukraine, on the Prut River and in the Carpathian foothills.
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, in Ukraine, is the chief city. The population is largely Romanian in S Bukovina and Ukrainian in the north. Most of the region's Jews were exterminated during World War II. A part of the Roman province of Dacia, Bukovina was overrun after the 3d cent. A.D. by the Huns and other nomads. It later (10th–13th cent.) belonged to the Kievan state (see KievKiev
or Kyiv
, Ukrainian Kyyiv, Rus. Kiyev, city (1990 est. pop. 2,600,000) and municipality with the status of a region (oblast), capital of Ukraine and of Kiev region, a port on the Dnieper River.
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) and the Halych and Volhynia principalities. After the Mongols withdrew from Moldavia, Bukovina became (14th cent.) the nucleus of the Moldavian principality. The term Bukovina was first mentioned in an agreement concluded in 1412 between King Ladislaus II of Poland and Sigismund of Hungary. In 1514, Bukovina, then part of Moldavia, became tributary to the Turkish sultans. Ceded by the Ottoman Empire to Austria in 1775, it was at first a district of Galicia but in 1848 was made, as a titular duchy, a separate Austrian crownland. The region won limited autonomy from Austria, and in 1861 Chernivtsi was made the seat of a provincial diet. Bukovina became an object of irredentism when Romania achieved full independence in 1878. The country's boundaries encompassed SuceavaSuceava
, town (1990 pop. 107,988), NE Romania, in Bukovina, on the Suceava River. It is a commercial center and has industries that manufacture food products, paper, wood products, and cellulose.
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, the ancient capital of Moldavia, but Chernivtsi was incorporated into Austria. With the dissolution of the Austrian empire in 1918, the Ukrainian national council at Chernivtsi voted the incorporation of N Bukovina into the West Ukrainian Democratic Republic. The Treaty of Saint-Germain (1919) gave only the southern part of Bukovina to Romania, but the subsequent Treaty of Sèvres awarded Romania the entire region. In a treaty of June, 1940, Romania ceded the northern part of Bukovina (c.2,140 sq mi/5,540 sq km) to the USSR, which incorporated it into the Ukrainian SSR. Although Romanian troops reoccupied N Bukovina during World War II, the Romanian peace treaty of 1947 confirmed Soviet possession of the area. N Bukovina now forms part of the Chernivtsi oblast in Ukraine. The remainder of the area (c.1,890 sq mi/4,895 sq km) forms one of the historical provinces of Romania and is part of the administrative region of Suceava.

Bukovina

, Bucovina
a region of E central Europe, part of the NE Carpathians: the north was seized by the Soviet Union (1940) and later became part of Ukraine; the south remained Romanian
References in periodicals archive ?
2014: Bukovina blind mole rat Spalax graecus revisited: phylogenetics, morphology, taxonomy, habitat associations and conservation.
Advances in technology will enable more people to get online and trade as individual investors, even if they have a financial advisor, Bukovina said.
When Theodore Bikel passed away last week, the New York Times ran an obituary that stated Bikel's family was from Bukovina, a region described as part of "Romania and Russia.
With its multinuclear structure that associates nuclei which have had different histories and functionalities, the city is viewed as the gate to Bukovina, a region which, for a relatively long period of time (almost 150 years), was under Habsburg rule.
Governing bodies created by the Romanians of Transylvania, Bessarabia and Bukovina chose union with the Kingdom of Romania, resulting in Greater Romania.
From Bukovina up to the Danube valley, the richest area in village architecture, folklore, music and dances in the world can be found, peasant art in Romania being considered by some authors the most splendid and outstanding one in the entire Europe (Sitwell, 1938).
However, the church's leader, currently Metropolitan Onu-fry of Chernovtsy and Bukovina, although elected by the synod, has to be approved by Moscow.
In fact, the unilateral character of the annexation--disdaining even to get Ukraine's agreement--shows it has more in common with Stalin's 1940 seizure of the (then independent) Baltic states and of the Romanian provinces of Bessarabia and Bukovina in the same year.
Born in Radautz, in the Bukovina region of Romania not far from Celan's birthplace of Czernowitz, Pagis entered the "concentrationary universe" as a nine-year-old and preserved in his taut poetic lines the detritus of his childhood: an Underwood typewriter, a grandfather clock, fragments of scriptures, of jokes, of truncated conversations.
During his travels through Europe, Marino noted the existence and the persistence of a collective forma mentis at the inhabitants of former Austro-Hungarian regions such as Austria, Bohemia, Moravia, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia, Banat, Transylvania, Bukovina, a feeling which could facilitate the creation of a confederation also from an interethnic understanding angle (13).
Persons who until June 28, 1940 lived in Bessarabia, Northern Bukovina, Hertza County and MASSR and to their descendants, if at the adoption of the law, they resided on the territory of the Republic of Moldova;