Bukovina


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Bukovina

(bo͞okəvē`nə), Rom. Bucovina, Ukr. Bukovyna, historic region of E Europe, in SW Ukraine and NE Romania. Traversed by the Carpathian Mts. and the upper Prut and Siretul rivers, it is heavily forested [Bukovina means "beechwood" in Romanian] and produces timber, textiles, grain, and livestock. Salt is produced in quantity; other mineral resources include manganese, iron, and copper. ChernivtsiChernivtsi
, Ger. Czernowitz, Romanian Cernauţi, Rus. Chernovtsy, city (1989 pop. 257,000), capital of Chernivtsi region, SW Ukraine, on the Prut River and in the Carpathian foothills.
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, in Ukraine, is the chief city. The population is largely Romanian in S Bukovina and Ukrainian in the north. Most of the region's Jews were exterminated during World War II. A part of the Roman province of Dacia, Bukovina was overrun after the 3d cent. A.D. by the Huns and other nomads. It later (10th–13th cent.) belonged to the Kievan state (see KievKiev
or Kyiv
, Ukrainian Kyyiv, Rus. Kiyev, city (1990 est. pop. 2,600,000) and municipality with the status of a region (oblast), capital of Ukraine and of Kiev region, a port on the Dnieper River.
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) and the Halych and Volhynia principalities. After the Mongols withdrew from Moldavia, Bukovina became (14th cent.) the nucleus of the Moldavian principality. The term Bukovina was first mentioned in an agreement concluded in 1412 between King Ladislaus II of Poland and Sigismund of Hungary. In 1514, Bukovina, then part of Moldavia, became tributary to the Turkish sultans. Ceded by the Ottoman Empire to Austria in 1775, it was at first a district of Galicia but in 1848 was made, as a titular duchy, a separate Austrian crownland. The region won limited autonomy from Austria, and in 1861 Chernivtsi was made the seat of a provincial diet. Bukovina became an object of irredentism when Romania achieved full independence in 1878. The country's boundaries encompassed SuceavaSuceava
, town (1990 pop. 107,988), NE Romania, in Bukovina, on the Suceava River. It is a commercial center and has industries that manufacture food products, paper, wood products, and cellulose.
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, the ancient capital of Moldavia, but Chernivtsi was incorporated into Austria. With the dissolution of the Austrian empire in 1918, the Ukrainian national council at Chernivtsi voted the incorporation of N Bukovina into the West Ukrainian Democratic Republic. The Treaty of Saint-Germain (1919) gave only the southern part of Bukovina to Romania, but the subsequent Treaty of Sèvres awarded Romania the entire region. In a treaty of June, 1940, Romania ceded the northern part of Bukovina (c.2,140 sq mi/5,540 sq km) to the USSR, which incorporated it into the Ukrainian SSR. Although Romanian troops reoccupied N Bukovina during World War II, the Romanian peace treaty of 1947 confirmed Soviet possession of the area. N Bukovina now forms part of the Chernivtsi oblast in Ukraine. The remainder of the area (c.1,890 sq mi/4,895 sq km) forms one of the historical provinces of Romania and is part of the administrative region of Suceava.

Bukovina

, Bucovina
a region of E central Europe, part of the NE Carpathians: the north was seized by the Soviet Union (1940) and later became part of Ukraine; the south remained Romanian
References in periodicals archive ?
Austrian Bukovina was the spot where diverse cultural and ethnic groups lived side by side and in relative harmony.
Nowadays in Bukovina (as in other parts of Europe) an individual has an access to various sources of information, hence interplay of his/her environmental knowledge and environment perception gives LEK heterogeneous character.
Canadians who had been born in Germany, Austria, Hungary or Turkey, and ethnic Ukrainians born in the Austrian provinces of Galicia and Bukovina were considered prisoners of war.
He followed this with one entitled 'Austria' to commemorate the centenary, of the annexation of Bukovina by Austria, and with real chutzpah sent it to the Austrian Emperor to whom he dedicated it.
Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Bessarabia, Bukovina, a large portion of eastern Poland, and a slice of Finland, it was agreed by Roosevelt and Churchill, were to be annexed outright by the Soviet Union.
Leopold's grandfather, an orthodox rabbi in Crzernowitz, Bukovina, had wanted his father to follow the family's rabbinical tradition, but he chose to be a barrister.
This wave of deportations also affected the Baltic Republics, Northern Bukovina and Bessarabia, areas which had been incorporated to the Soviet Union in the summer of 1940.
Born into a Jewish family in Bukovina in 1920, Celan mourned for a lost generation and for the German language; the mourning of one who barely survives, articulated in poetry of a steely fragility.
By September 1941, most of the Jews of Bessarabia and Bukovina had been transported in convoys and force marched to concentration camps in Transnistria.
72) Daniel of Moldovia and Bukovina, "Challenges for Orthodoxy in a Changing World," The Ecumenical Review 44 (April, 1992): 207.
NORMAN MANEA was born in Bukovina, Romania, in 1936.
IN the case of Austria-Hungary, the outlying crownlands of Galicia and Bukovina provided interesting subject material and views that would appeal to the adventurer who might travel to these parts.