Bukovina

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Bukovina

(bo͞okəvē`nə), Rom. Bucovina, Ukr. Bukovyna, historic region of E Europe, in SW Ukraine and NE Romania. Traversed by the Carpathian Mts. and the upper Prut and Siretul rivers, it is heavily forested [Bukovina means "beechwood" in Romanian] and produces timber, textiles, grain, and livestock. Salt is produced in quantity; other mineral resources include manganese, iron, and copper. ChernivtsiChernivtsi
, Ger. Czernowitz, Romanian Cernauţi, Rus. Chernovtsy, city (1989 pop. 257,000), capital of Chernivtsi region, SW Ukraine, on the Prut River and in the Carpathian foothills.
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, in Ukraine, is the chief city. The population is largely Romanian in S Bukovina and Ukrainian in the north. Most of the region's Jews were exterminated during World War II. A part of the Roman province of Dacia, Bukovina was overrun after the 3d cent. A.D. by the Huns and other nomads. It later (10th–13th cent.) belonged to the Kievan state (see KievKiev
or Kyiv
, Ukrainian Kyyiv, Rus. Kiyev, city (1990 est. pop. 2,600,000) and municipality with the status of a region (oblast), capital of Ukraine and of Kiev region, a port on the Dnieper River.
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) and the Halych and Volhynia principalities. After the Mongols withdrew from Moldavia, Bukovina became (14th cent.) the nucleus of the Moldavian principality. The term Bukovina was first mentioned in an agreement concluded in 1412 between King Ladislaus II of Poland and Sigismund of Hungary. In 1514, Bukovina, then part of Moldavia, became tributary to the Turkish sultans. Ceded by the Ottoman Empire to Austria in 1775, it was at first a district of Galicia but in 1848 was made, as a titular duchy, a separate Austrian crownland. The region won limited autonomy from Austria, and in 1861 Chernivtsi was made the seat of a provincial diet. Bukovina became an object of irredentism when Romania achieved full independence in 1878. The country's boundaries encompassed SuceavaSuceava
, town (1990 pop. 107,988), NE Romania, in Bukovina, on the Suceava River. It is a commercial center and has industries that manufacture food products, paper, wood products, and cellulose.
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, the ancient capital of Moldavia, but Chernivtsi was incorporated into Austria. With the dissolution of the Austrian empire in 1918, the Ukrainian national council at Chernivtsi voted the incorporation of N Bukovina into the West Ukrainian Democratic Republic. The Treaty of Saint-Germain (1919) gave only the southern part of Bukovina to Romania, but the subsequent Treaty of Sèvres awarded Romania the entire region. In a treaty of June, 1940, Romania ceded the northern part of Bukovina (c.2,140 sq mi/5,540 sq km) to the USSR, which incorporated it into the Ukrainian SSR. Although Romanian troops reoccupied N Bukovina during World War II, the Romanian peace treaty of 1947 confirmed Soviet possession of the area. N Bukovina now forms part of the Chernivtsi oblast in Ukraine. The remainder of the area (c.1,890 sq mi/4,895 sq km) forms one of the historical provinces of Romania and is part of the administrative region of Suceava.

Bukovina

, Bucovina
a region of E central Europe, part of the NE Carpathians: the north was seized by the Soviet Union (1940) and later became part of Ukraine; the south remained Romanian
References in periodicals archive ?
23) In the absence of readily accessible schools and as a place to socialize and exchange news, reading clubs were popular in Galicia and Bukovyna.
Since most Ukrainian settlers who immigrated into Western Canada prior to 1914 came from the Austrian provinces of Galicia and Bukovyna, they were citizens of Austria-Hungary.
Like John Klym, his western neighbour, Onufry Mandziuk, was of Ukrainian origin, born in Bukovyna and had resided on his quarter-section since 1930.
Star Energy's CEO Patrick Kealy said, "This is our first substantial project, and we are excited to have the necessary financial backing for the development of Bukovyna.
He matched each outfit to the person he knew would be modeling, meaning that if the model was a person whose ancestors had come from Bukovyna, he would put her in a Bukovynian costume, and so forth.
Ukrainian immigrants arriving from Galicia and Bukovyna, then a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, were almost all adherents of the Greek Catholic or Greek Orthodox Churches.
And indeed, in this regard, Kukushkin is critical of Ukrainian-Canadian historians for concentrating on the "Ruthenian" immigrant from Galicia and Bukovyna who adopted a nationalist orientation while excluding the "West Bank" Ukrainians as detractors--Russophiles, socialist/communists who disrupted the "nationalist agenda.
Rusbek Bisultanov, President of AUE will manage operations with respect to the Region, Dewon, Bukovyna and other planned projects.
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In the closing years of the nineteenth century, peasants from the Austrian-governed western Ukrainian provinces of Galicia and Bukovyna began a migration to the agricultural frontiers of the New World.
In 1914 Vladimir Kysilewsky graduated from the German classical gymnasium in the city of Chernivtsi, in nearby Bukovyna, where, unlike most educated Ukrainians, he had an opportunity to study English for three years.