Turfan(redirected from Bulayiq)
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, town and oasis (1994 est. pop. 64,300), in the Turpan depression (c.5,000 sq mi/12,950 sq km), E Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. It is an agricultural center producing cotton and cotton textiles, silk, wheat, grapes, dried fruit, and wine;
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a city in Northwest China, in the Sinkiang-Uighur Autonomous Region, on the northern edge of the Turfan Depression. The center of a farming region. Population of Turfan and the associated county, 120,000 (1971). Turfan is a transportation center on the Kansu-Sinkiang highway. Petroleum is extracted and refined in the area. The city has a plant that manufactures agricultural equipment, a cement plant, a saltworks, and food-processing plants.