Bulgarian language

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Bulgarian language,

member of the South Slavic group of the Slavonic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Slavic languagesSlavic languages,
also called Slavonic languages, a subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. Because the Slavic group of languages seems to be closer to the Baltic group than to any other, some scholars combine the two in a Balto-Slavic subfamily of the Indo-European
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). Bulgarian is the native tongue of some 9 million people, most of whom live in Bulgaria, where it is the official language. It is also spoken to some extent in bordering and nearby countries. Although the Bulgars were originally a Turkic-speaking people from Asia, they merged with the Slavic tribes whom they conquered in the 7th cent. A.D. in the territory of present-day Bulgaria and took over their Slavic language. Old Bulgarian is an alternate name for the literary and liturgical language of the 9th to 11th cent. A.D. that is usually called Old Church Slavonic (see Church SlavonicChurch Slavonic,
language belonging to the South Slavic group of the Slavic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Slavic languages). Although it is still the liturgical language of most branches of the Orthodox Eastern Church, Church Slavonic is extinct today
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). From Old Church Slavonic, in Bulgaria, a later local form known as Bulgarian Church Slavonic evolved, which was current from the 12th to the 15th cent. The Turkish conquest of Bulgaria in 1396 seriously hampered the development of the Bulgarian language for several centuries.

After the Bulgarians achieved independence in 1878, a modern literary language based on the vernacular came into its own. Modern Bulgarian, which is generally said to date from the 16th cent., borrowed many words from Greek and Turkish during the period of Turkish domination; more recently it has borrowed words from Russian, French, and German. The Bulgarian language lacks definite rules for stress; therefore, the accent of every word must be learned individually. Unlike most other Slavic tongues, Bulgarian has a definite article. This is in the form of a suffix joined to the noun. Another difference between Bulgarian and most other Slavic languages is that Bulgarian has almost completely dropped the numerous case forms of the noun. It uses position and prepositions (like English) to indicate grammatical relationships in a sentence instead of cases (like Russian). Despite these differences, Bulgarian closely resembles the other Slavic languages, especially with regard to grammar. A modified form of the Cyrillic alphabet is used for writing Bulgarian.


See S. B. Bernshtein, Short Grammatical Sketch of the Bulgarian Language (tr. 1952); H. I. Aronson, Bulgarian Inflectional Morphophonology (1968); C. Rudin, Aspects of Bulgarian Syntax (1986).

References in periodicals archive ?
Representatives of the institution have announced on the BNB's Bulgarian-language website that a procedure is already underway to pick her successor.
Bulgarian-language media generally took a dim view of the idea that the performance of the Registry Agency justified substantial rewards.
I cannot eat candles," the Bulgarian-language Trud newspaper quoted an unnamed priest as saying.
According to the NRA, its activities have no relation to editorial policies and are part of a "routine" procedure used to combat tax evasion, the agency says in a statement [BG] published on the Bulgarian-language version of its website.
One of the left-wing intellectuals, Anton Donchev, gave an interview to Bulgarian-language media be-moaning the state of the church, bemoaning the lack of people who want to become monks, decrying the church's lack of outreach to young people.
All equipment that will be sent here will be used for drills and will help boost the the Bulgarian Armed Forces' capabilities, Novinite's Bulgarian-language website quotes Foreign Minister Daniel Mitov as saying.
In an interview published in Bulgarian-language Standart on December 6, Ivan Iskrov, the governor of central Bulgarian National Bank - asked whether euro zone accession was still a priority for Bulgaria - was quoted as saying, "we have a commitment, included in Bulgaria's EU accession treaty, that the country will join the euro zone.
VTB has not yet officially announced this, and the change is reflected neither on its Russian nor on its Bulgarian-language website.
On matters musical, there is an anonymously-authored and rather nasty one doing the rounds of the internet, satirising the ruling party's Plevneliev to a Bulgarian-language version of that 1960s hit Puppet on a String.
Novinite media group on Monday granted its annual awards in six categories based on voting by readers of the Bulgarian-language and English-language news services over the past two months.
By Friday evening, a not unsympathetic Bulgarian-language media was reporting that the hundreds of tourists stranded after their Black Sea holidays were getting frustrated, hungry and thirsty.
com (Sofia News Agency) and the Bulgarian-language news service Novinite.
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