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Turkic-speaking tribes making up the basic population of Bulgaria on the Volga.

The Bulgars came to the central Volga Region from the Azov region in the second half of the seventh century, after the fall of Great Bulgaria (a state which arose in the seventh century between the Don and Kuban rivers). This has been corroborated by archaeological data. The Bulgars cooperated with local tribes that belonged to the Finno-Ugric language group. With the coming of the Bulgars, who built a strong military organization and achieved political hegemony in the Volga-Kama region, Turkic languages began to spread throughout the central Volga Region. The Bulgars played a major role in the consolidation of local tribes in the creation of their feudal state. The origins of some peoples of the Volga and Kama regions can be traced to the Bulgars (Chuvashes, Kazan Tartars, and others).


References in periodicals archive ?
bar]sid caliphate and the peoples to the north, including the Bulghars, Vikings, Slays, and Finns.
On this note, Luttwak talks significantly about the Byzantine strategy of attacking the Bulghars and keeping them in check, though he never acknowledges that it may have been a critical mistake to alienate such a close-by neighbor; and, he suggests that the Bulghars were a constant security threat yet he was never able to prove it except by attributing their close proximity to Constantinople and their potential for attack.
The proud nation of Bulghars was one of the dominating ethnicities of the region and played a greater role in a life of the neighboring nations.
However it was clear that Bulghars or so far Tatars were freedom-loving people.
The newest history of Tatarstan, as well as thousand-year Kazan, represents harmonious set of an antiquity, ethno-national and religious diversity, varieties of Turkic, Bulghar, Ghingiz, and Russian cultures, ancient traditions of Islam, Christianity, the East and the West.
Ibn Fadlan was an envoy from the 'Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad to the king of the Bulghars on the upper Volga River, who had recently adopted Islam.
6): the ancient Southern Permians (ancestors of the Udmurts) depended on the Volga Bulghars (whose direct linguistic, but only linguistic
was an important historical event, there are good grounds to suppose the contacts of ancient Udmurt with Z-Turkic language(s) of Kypchak (and probably Oghuz) type (later--Tatar and Bashkir) began already before the 13th century and the contacts with R-Turkic (Volga Bulghar, later--Chuvash) were still active in the second half of the 14th century ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1997 : 51).
This identity was not defined ethnically, but, on the one hand, by allegiance to Islam, and, on the other, by the line of descent from the medieval empire of the Volga Bulghars.
These writings characteristically link the Bulghar narrative to shrine catalogues, i.
The tale of the victory of the Islamic hero, Timur, over the infidel Chingiz Kh[bar{s}]an also shows that the Bulghar writings represented a departure from the older Chingizid historiography of the Golden Horde and its successor khanates.
subset]] Choqor[bar{i}] (died 1889), attempted--by referring to other historical sources--to "correct" the historical contradictions of the Bulghar narratives, without, however, rejecting the Bulghar identity of the Volga-Ural Muslims.