Bulk Plant

bulk plant

[′bəlk ‚plant]
(petroleum engineering)
A wholesale receiving and distributing facility for petroleum products; includes storage tanks, warehouses, railroad sidings, truck loading racks, and related elements. Also known as bulk terminal.

Bulk Plant

 

(or tank farm), a complex of structures and equipment for the receipt, storage, transshipment, and distribution of oil and petroleum products. A distinction is made among terminal, refinery, and distribution bulk plants.

Terminal bulk plants are designed for transshipment of products between vehicles or types of vehicles (from oceangoing tankers and barges to river vessels or from railroad routes to individual tanks). Refinery bulk plants may be of the raw-material type (receipt, storage, and preparation of raw materials for refining) or the commercial type (receipt of petroleum products from installations; storage and shipment). Raw-material and commercial bulk plants are usually combined in a single unit (complex) at the refinery or not far from it. Distribution bulk plants supply petroleum products directly to enterprises, and also ship them in small containers. Such plants are divided into oblast, raion, railroad, water-railroad, waterway, pipeline, and subsurface types. Bulk plants of this type have a limited sphere of operation, and their tank storage capacities are relatively small.

Many bulk plants perform the functions of terminal, refinery, and distribution bulk plants simultaneously. At large bulk plants, work is under way on the integrated automation of the processes of receipt, storage, pumping, shipping, and distribution of petroleum products.

REFERENCES

Chernikin, V. I. Sooruzhenie i ekspluatatsiia neftebaz, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1955.
Neftebazy i nefteprovody. Moscow, 1956.
Neftedobyvaiushchaia promyshlennost’ SSSR: 1917–1967. Moscow, 1968.

V. P. EFREMOV

References in periodicals archive ?
First, Saudi Aramco commissioned a new 30-inch, 400-km pipeline with a capacity of 310,000 bpd, linking the Dhahran Bulk Plant with the North Riyadh Bulk Plant.
The company has contributed to major projects including the Ras Tanura Refinery, Riyadh Refinery, Shaybah Producing Facilities and Sulayyil Bulk Plant.
A bulk plant is a wholesale receiving and distributing facility for oil products.
The MTI Propane and Natural Gas Technologies Program enjoys an excellent reputation in the utilities industry; its features include a new outdoor utility training field for laboratory activities in underground installation and bulk plant work located in a simulated city environment.
COTTAGE GROVE - The state is proposing a clean bill of health for the old Chevron Bulk Plant site near downtown Cottage Grove - and the parcel may become part of the long-planned South Lane Cultural Heritage Center.
Luster has more than 30 years experience in the food-processing, bio-conversion, energy and environmental industries and is considered one of the food industry's leading experts in the field of aseptic processing and aseptic bulk plant operations.
Amgen expects to enlarge its Neupogen and Neulasta bulk protein manufacturing facility, licensed in 2005, and the newly built Epogen and Aranesp bulk plant.
The new plant, to be built in the Dublin suburbs, will be Takeda's first overseas bulk plant, the company said.
He transported Shell gasoline in a tank truck from a bulk plant and filled three underground tanks at his station.
The park is filling up and includes two ski machine dealerships, a bulk fertilizer storage area, the Co-op Bulk plant, a pet food store, an autobody shop and a cement batch plant.
Wholesale Fuels' growth has also been attributed to strategic acquisitions, including Irwin Petroleum, James Petroleum, Fresno Unocal's bulk plant, Maple Leaf Oil Co.
Majority of the products produced by the refinery are supplied to Dhahran bulk plant for domestic use, while the remaining are exported.