Bulla


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Bulla

 

a round metal seal made of lead, silver, or gold, which was usually used in the Middle Ages to fasten papal, imperial, and royal acts (documents) by being tied to the document by a string; the act itself, with the bulla tied to it, was also called a bulla. [In English the act is called a bull.] The most important royal and imperial decrees, fastened with golden seals, came to be called Golden Bulls (such as the Golden Bull of 1222, issued by the Hungarian King Andrew II, and the Golden Bull of 1356, issued by Charles IV of the Holy Roman Empire). In later centuries, up until modern times, the term “bulla” was used to designate only the most important acts issued by the popes of Rome.

The supplementary historical discipline known as sphragistics studies medieval bull seals.

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bulla

bulla
A circular metal boss used by the ancient Romans as a decoration for fastening parts of doors; often highly ornamented.
References in periodicals archive ?
Drivers are already experiencing faster travel times thanks to this vital project, saving up to five and a half minutes between Bulla Road and Bolte Bridge since new lanes were opened and the freeway management system was switched on last October.
The bulla believed to bear Isaiah's signature was discovered three meters away from seal of the king.
They said that Bulla was martyred for opposing infamous Indira-Abdullah accord.
The salient histopathological features of PF observed in our study were acantholysis (100%) and subcorneal bulla (100%).
In a statement to TAP correspondent agency in Jendouba, the archaeologist spoke of a Tunisian-British research project which seeks "to know the nature of the political, social and cultural life of the first Christian populations to Bulla Regia.
Enlarged bulla ethmoidalis was appreciated better in CT PNS when compared to DNE by 7%.
In end-stage middle ear infection, epithelium undergoes metaplasia with new bone proliferation of tympanic bulla which serves as a nidus of infection.
Histopathology of the bullous lesions (a) Bulla formation in low power [10x: H & E stain] (b) Bulla formation in high power with intense neutrophil infiltration [40x: H & E stain].
The jewel in the archaeological crown is Bulla Regia, the well-preserved remains of a Roman town, complete with underground homes designed to keep its residents cool in the blazing heat of summer, and mosaics as fresh and as vibrant as the day they were laid.
Keywords: Midday gerbil, Meriones meridianus, auditory bulla, altitude, environmental factors.
Rabb i Shergill, the voice behind popular songs like Bulla ki jna, Tere bin and Challa, believes only good music and songs remain in the publa lic's memory for long.