Bulla

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Bulla

 

a round metal seal made of lead, silver, or gold, which was usually used in the Middle Ages to fasten papal, imperial, and royal acts (documents) by being tied to the document by a string; the act itself, with the bulla tied to it, was also called a bulla. [In English the act is called a bull.] The most important royal and imperial decrees, fastened with golden seals, came to be called Golden Bulls (such as the Golden Bull of 1222, issued by the Hungarian King Andrew II, and the Golden Bull of 1356, issued by Charles IV of the Holy Roman Empire). In later centuries, up until modern times, the term “bulla” was used to designate only the most important acts issued by the popes of Rome.

The supplementary historical discipline known as sphragistics studies medieval bull seals.

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bulla

bulla
A circular metal boss used by the ancient Romans as a decoration for fastening parts of doors; often highly ornamented.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Buller region is large, sparsely populated and economically deprived.
He told the jury: "Mr Buller did not have the necessary technical knowledge and experience to appreciate the risks he was taking.
Walsall-based George Buller & Son has gone into liquidation after failing to overcome the financial difficulties it incurred during the recession, with the loss of 25 jobs.
Snaring the extra point on offer for fastest lap, King's second podium finish of the weekend and sixth from nine career British F3 races enabled him to vault from 21 points in arrears of Buller to three points clear, retaining his composure magnificently as his chief competitor endured an error-strewn weekend.
Dr Buller has authored more than 140 publications and has received numerous awards and honors including multiple year listings in the Guide to America's Top Physicians prepared by Consumer Research Council of America.
But for the Shadow Work and Pensions Secretary to dance to the tune of the Buller Boys, perpetuating myths about vast swathes of scroungers enjoying a life of luxury, is the poverty of modern politics.
And although the team were upset by the Buller incident, Hywel was pleased to have scored some more points.
bar] Buller Stadden's unmarked grave [bar] William 'Buller' Stadden, centre, in the Cardiff RFC first team 1885-86.
Carlos Buller, 45, served up red snapper soup, rice and peas with chicken and banana and pineapple crumble to guests on the hit Channel 4 show.
Buller, chairman of vascular medicine at the Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam.
Buller grew up in Pittsburgh and did not amend his allegiances when he arrived in Worcester four years ago.
Buller stood his first stallion, Zaffaran, at the 1,250-acre stud in 1993, since when Scarvagh has expanded into one of the largest stallion operations in Europe.