Bureau of Indian Affairs

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Indian Affairs, Bureau of,

created (1824) in the U.S. War Dept. and transferred (1849) to the U.S. Dept. of the Interior. The War Dept. managed Native American affairs after 1789, but a separate bureau was not set up for many years. It had jurisdiction over trade with Native Americans, their removal to the West, their protection from exploitation, and their concentration on reservations. Because of wide dissatisfaction in the West over army administration of Native American affairs, the responsibility was given to the Dept. of the Interior and reorganized. The new bureau was no more successful than its predecessor in preventing wars with Native Americans or in protecting their rights. The Bureau of Indian Affairs instead evolved primarily into a land-administering agency, a process speeded up by the Dawes Act of 1887, the Burke Act of 1906, and the Wheeler-Howard Act of 1934, now acting as trustee over Native American lands and funds. The bureau also promotes agricultural and economic development, provides a health program, social services, Native American schools, and reclamation projects for Alaska Natives and Native Americans in the United States. The Bureau of Indian Affairs has also been officially called the Office of Indian Affairs and the Indian Service. Beginning in the early 1970s, Native American civil-rights groups, such as the American Indian MovementAmerican Indian Movement
(AIM), Native American civil-rights activist organization, founded in 1968 to encourage self-determination among Native Americans and to establish international recognition of their treaty rights.
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, began actively protesting their dissatisfaction with the bureau. In 1997 the bureau was accused by Interior Dept. auditors of mismanaging money owed to Native American tribes and individuals. A lawsuit on the issue, dating to 1996, was tentatively settled in 2009 for $3.4 billion (mainly for compensation and fractionated land ownership consolidation). Since 2011 a number of tribes have also won or settled claims resulting from alleged mismanagement, with compensation totaling about $1.9 billion.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Bureau of Indian Affairs is currently reviewing the application to move the property adjacent to the Little Rock Port Authority's industrial park into federal trust, meaning it would not be subject to state and local jurisdictions.
government, the Choctaws recently privatized almost all of the services once performed by the Bureau of Indian Affairs and gained new financial freedom in the process.
I knew at that young age that going to the Bureau of Indian Affairs was useless, absolutely useless.
During this same period, the Bureau of Indian Affairs made a number of attempts to suppress Native American religion with a series of departmental regulations.
The Bureau of Indian Affairs did not use accurate data to substantiate its fiscal findings with respect to the impact of trust status of Indian land on municipalities.
Other members of the Mowhawks have now filed a lawsuit against the new pact, which came days after the Bureau of Indian Affairs approved its application for the Monticello casino and the cards were in Governor George Pataki's court.
She also makes some use of other records, such as population counts prepared before 1900 and Bureau of Indian Affairs records.
So CRAC joined forces with the local chapter of the National Audubon Society and the Humane Farming Association and successfully sued the Bureau of Indian Affairs to force the agency to halt the project until an EIS was completed.
Agencies involved include the following: the Small Business Administration, the Economic Development Administration, the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the Department of Agriculture, the Federal Home Loan Banks, the Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation (Farmer Mac), the Department of Health and Human Services' Office of Community Services, and the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Before they could start building, however, the Chippewa had to convince the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) to take the land into a trusteeship for them, and then issue them a gaming permit as outlined under Section 20 of the 1988 Indian Gaming Regulatory Act.
Bureau of Indian Affairs (as with the giveaway of Black Mesa coal and water).

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