Arbroath

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Arbroath

(ärbrōth`) or

Aberbrothock

(ăb'ərbrəthŏk`), town (1991 pop. 23,934), Angus, E central Scotland, on the North Sea at the mouth of the Brothock River. A seaport, it is known for its smoked haddock, shipbuilding, and the processing of flax and jute. There are engineering works, breweries, an iron foundry, and diverse small industries. Arbroath Abbey was founded by William the LionWilliam the Lion,
1143–1214, king of Scotland (1165–1214), brother and successor of Malcolm IV. Determined to recover Northumbria (lost to England in 1157), he supported the rebellion (1173–74) of the sons of Henry II of England.
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 c.1178 and contains his tomb. The Scottish estates met in the abbey in 1320 and called for independence from England.

Arbroath

a port and resort in E Scotland, in Angus: scene of the barons of Scotland's declaration of independence to Pope John XXII in 1320. Pop.: 22 785 (2001)
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