Burgundians


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Burgundians,

medieval French political faction: see Armagnacs and BurgundiansArmagnacs and Burgundians,
opposing factions that fought to control France in the early 15th cent. The rivalry for power between Louis d'Orléans, brother of the recurrently insane King Charles VI, and his cousin John the Fearless, duke of Burgundy, led to Louis's murder
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Burgundians

 

an east Germanic tribe. The Burgundians, who are assumed to have lived originally on Bornholm Island, moved to the Continent in the first centuries A.D. In 406 they founded a kingdom on the Rhine with Worms as its center. (The kingdom was destroyed by the Huns in 436.) In 443 the Burgundians were settled, with the status of Roman colonists, on the territory of Savoy. In 457, taking advantage of the weakening of the empire, they occupied the Rhône River basin, where they founded a new kingdom with Lyon as its center; this was one of the first so-called barbarian kingdoms on the territory of the western Roman Empire, which was disintegrating at that time. The Burgundians who settled among the Gallo-Romans witnessed a rapid disintegration of clan relations and the beginning of the development of feudal relations through a synthesis of the institutions of the Gallo-Roman (slaveholding) and so-called barbarian societies (with late Roman elements predominating). The process of feudalization among the Burgundians was largely promoted by the seizure and division of the Gallo-Roman lands, which was carried out on a particularly large scale in the late fifth and early sixth centuries under King Gundobad. A later source for the study of the Burgundian social system in the sixth century is the so-called Burgundian law (lex Burgundionum).

The Burgundians adopted Catholicism in the early sixth century; before that they had been Arians. In 534 the Burgundian kingdom was definitively incorporated into the Frankish state. Subsequently the Burgundians became part of the developing southern French nationality.

REFERENCES

Gratsianskii, N. P. “O razdelakh zemel’ u burgundov i vestgotov.” In Iz sotsial’no-ekonomicheskoi istorii zapadnoevropeiskogo srednevekov’ia. Moscow, 1960.
Serovaiskii, la. D. “Izmenenie agrarnogo stroia na territorii Burgundii v V v.” In Srednie veka, part 14. Moscow, 1959.

IA. D. SEROVAISKII

References in periodicals archive ?
It is based on historical events during the period of the Germanic migration that accompanied the disintegration of the Western Roman Empire: chiefly, the defeat of a Germanic tribe, the Burgundians, by a coalition of Huns and Romans around the year 436.
Interwar Burgundians consciously exploited folk images and rural idioms to articulate an idealized, mystifying, and reassuring regional model of French modernity (Poirrier 1995; Bazin 1996 and 1997; Whalen 1999; Laferte 2002; Whalen 2007b).
In the county of Flanders the late medieval period was an era of important social mobility among the dominant classes, as a result of the formation process of the Burgundian state.
In the years to come, it was this oncetimid, reluctant ruler who forged an alliance with the Burgundians against the English and eventually drove the invaders from France, except for the enclave at Calais.
The redevelopment of the street Burgundians aims to make more comfortable the street Burgundians for all its users with priority given to alternatives to the private car (public transport, pedestrians and bicycles).
Apparently, because of this attempt by the French speaking Burgundians, to invade this part of Switzerland, and so force their language on the German speaking Swiss, to the present day, some inhabitants there, refuse to speak the French language as a statement of defiance.
This text presents a beautiful collection of drawings and other art by Ernst Barlach that draw on the Nibelungen, the royal family of the Burgundians who settled in Worms, Germany in the 5th century.
The 2010 whites are also excellent and in many cases show much more of what the Burgundians like to call 'tension' than the 2009s.
The great success recently has been the huge improvements in pinot noir that certainly have made the Burgundians look over their shoulders.
Toward the finish a little fresh green leaf in there and the type of wine that would definitely have the Burgundians looking over their shoulder.
She was captured by the Burgundians, sold to the English, tried by an ecclesiastical court, and burned at the stake when she was nineteen years old.
Some time in the early 440s (the usual date, as in Katalin Escher's title, of AD 443 being less certain than one might imagine) the Roman patricius and magister militum, Aetius settled some Burgundians in an area called Sapaudia apparently centred on Lac Leman and Vindonissa (Windisch).